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Gene Symbol DNMT3A
Synonyms DNMT3A2 | HESJAS | M.HsaIIIA | TBRS
Gene Description DNMT3A, DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha, mediates DNA methylation and functions in modification of gene expression, and plays a role in hematopoietic differentiation (PMID: 28286768, PMID: 25693834), DNMT3A mutations are frequent in acute myeloid leukemia, and are recurrent in myelodysplastic syndromes (PMID: 28286768, PMID: 28003281).

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
DNMT3A mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, mutations in DNMT3A were associated with poor prognosis and shorter overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 22490330, PMID: 21881046, PMID: 21670448). 22490330 21881046 21670448
DNMT3A mutant acute myeloid leukemia predicted - sensitive Decitabine Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring DNMT3A mutations demonstrated a greater complete response rate (60% vs 33%) compared to patients with wild-type DNMT3A when treated with frontline hypomethylating agents such as Dacogen (decitabine) (PMID: 27418649). 27418649
DNMT3A mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Pinometostat Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Pinometostat (EPZ-5676) treatment of acute myeloid leukemia cell lines and xenografts resulted in apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and terminal differentiation (PMID: 27335278). 27335278
DNMT3A mutant angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic DNMT3A mutations aid in the diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
DNMT3A mutant myelofibrosis not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic DNMT3A mutations are associated with inferior overall survival in patients with primary myelofibrosis (NCCN.org). detail...
DNMT3A R882H NRAS G12D acute myeloid leukemia sensitive I-BET151 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, an acute myeloid leukemia cell line harboring DNMT3A R882H and NRAS G12D mutations demonstrated reduced proliferation and downregulation of a DNMT3A R882H associated gene expression profile upon I-BET151 treatment in culture, and I-BET151 treatment delayed the onset of leukemia symptoms and improved survival in xenograft mouse models derived from these cells (PMID: 31164355). 31164355
DNMT3A R882H NRAS G12D acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Trametinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, an acute myeloid leukemia cell line xenograft model harboring DNMT3A R882H and NRAS G12D was sensitive to Mekinist (trametinib), demonstrating impaired disease progression and improved survival (PMID: 31164355). 31164355
DNMT3A R882H NRAS G12D acute myeloid leukemia sensitive I-BET151 + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, an acute myeloid leukemia cell line xenograft model harboring DNMT3A R882H and NRAS G12D treated with combined I-BET151 and Mekinist (trametinib) demonstrated impaired disease progression and improved survival superior to either therapy alone (PMID: 31164355). 31164355