Gene Variant Detail

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Gene KIT
Variant H697Y
Impact List missense
Protein Effect gain of function - predicted
Gene Variant Descriptions KIT H697Y lies within the protein kinase domain of the Kit protein (UniProt.org). H697Y is transforming in cultured cells (PMID: 19861435), and therefore, is predicted to lead to a gain of Kit protein function.
Associated Drug Resistance

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Transcript NM_000222.2
gDNA chr4:g.54729433C>T
cDNA c.2089C>T
Protein p.H697Y
Source Database RefSeq
Genome Build GRCh38/hg38
Transcript gDNA cDNA Protein Source Database Genome Build
NM_000222 chr4:g.54729433C>T c.2089C>T p.H697Y RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_017008178 chr4:g.54729433C>T c.2089C>T p.H697Y RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_017008178.1 chr4:g.54729433C>T c.2089C>T p.H697Y RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_000222.2 chr4:g.54729433C>T c.2089C>T p.H697Y RefSeq GRCh38/hg38

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
KIT H697Y Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Imatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cell lines overexpressing KIT H697Y demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Gleevec (imatinib mesylate)-induced growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 19861435). 19861435
KIT H697Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Sunitinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Sutent (sunitinib) inhibited growth of transformed cell lines overexpressing KIT H697Y in culture (PMID: 19861435). 19861435
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
KIT act mut Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive PLX9486 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX9486 inhibited KIT mutations, including exon 17 mutations, and demonstrated in vivo and in vitro activity against tumors harboring KIT exon 17 mutations (Cancer Res February 1, 2016 76; IA32). detail...
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Cabozantinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Cometriq (cabozantinib) decreased cell viability in imatinib-sensitive and resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) cell lines harboring KIT activating mutations in culture, and induced tumor regression in KIT-mutant GIST mouse models (PMID: 25836719). 25836719
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic KIT activating mutations aid the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut skin melanoma sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma patients with KIT activating mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Pexidartinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX3397 inhibited growth of gastrointestinal stromal tumor cell lines harboring KIT activating mutations in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 24583793). 24583793
KIT mutant melanoma sensitive Nilotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Tasigna (nilotinib) treatment in patients with melanoma harboring KIT mutations resulted in an overall response rate of 26.2% (11/42), which included 11 patients with a partial response, a median duration of response of 7.1 months, and an overall survival of 18 months (PMID: 28327988; NCT01028222). 28327988
KIT mutant melanoma sensitive Nilotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Tasigna (nilotinib) treatment resulted in complete response in 4% (1/25), durable partial response in 16% (4/25), and stable disease in 56% (14/25) of melanoma patients harboring KIT mutations (PMID: 28843487; NCT01168050). 28843487
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib + Infigratinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Truseltiq (infigratinib) and Gleevec (imatinib) combination treatment demonstrated enhanced antitumor activity in patient derived xenograft models of gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT mutations (PMID: 25673643). 25673643
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic KIT mutations are used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (PMID: 25193432, PMID: 26276366, PMID: 25729899). 25193432 26276366 25729899
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Avapritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I (NAVIGATOR) trial, Ayvakit (avapritinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 13% (7/52, 7 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 63% (33/52) in patients with KIT-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (The CTOS 2018 Annual Meeting, Nov 14-17, Rome Italy, Paper 012 3027631; NCT02508532). detail...
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Qinlock (ripretinib) demonstrated preliminary safety and efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors, including KIT-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), with 1 patient harboring KIT exon 11 and 17 mutations demonstrating a partial response, and 7/7 KIT-mutant GIST patients demonstrating a partial metabolic response (EORTC-NCI-AACR 2016, Abs 7LBA). detail...
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Qinlock (ripretinib) was well tolerated, resulted in an objective response in 11.3% (16/142, 16 partial responses) and stable disease in 61.3% (87/142) of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT (exon 11, n=103; exon 9, n=26; other, n=6) or PDGFRA mutations (n=7), with a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months (PMID: 32804590; NCT02571036). 32804590
Molecular Profile Protein Effect Treatment Approaches
KIT H697Y gain of function - predicted KIT Inhibitor