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Gene ROS1
Variant fusion
Impact List fusion
Protein Effect unknown
Gene Variant Descriptions ROS1 fusion indicates a fusion of the ROS1 gene, but the fusion partner is unknown.
Associated Drug Resistance

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Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib FDA approved Actionable In a combined analysis of 3 clinical trials (ALKA-372-001, STARTRK-1, STARTRK-2) that supported FDA approval, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 77% (41/53), a median duration of response of 25 months in patients with ROS1 fusion positive non-small cell lung cancer, with median progression-free survival of 26 and 14 months for patients without (n=30) and with (n=23) CNS disease, respectively (PMID: 31838015; NCT02097810; NCT02568267). detail... 31838015
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma unknown unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective clinical study, patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring rare targetable drivers (RTD) (BRAF, ERBB2/3, RET, MET, ROS1, NTRK) who received immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) achieved longer median overall survival (mOS) (32 vs 13 mo, p=0.01) compared to those who did not receive ICI, mOS was not reached in a patient harboring ROS1 fusion, although RTD type was not associated with OS in a univariate analysis (PMID: 30268448). 30268448
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I clinical trial, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) demonstrated safety and resulted in a 50% (26/52) overall response rate in patients with ALK-positive or ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer, including intracranial responses in patients with CNS metastasis (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9009)). detail...
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive DS6051b Phase I Actionable In a Phase I clinical trial, DS-6051b was well-tolerated and demonstrated some preliminary efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors, including a partial response in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer liver metastases harboring a ROS1 fusion (Cancer Res July 15 2016 (76) (14 Supplement) CT024). detail...
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a Phase II trial (NLMT), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an observed objective response rate (ORR) of 71% (5/7), durable clinical benefit rate (DCBR) of 75% (6/8), and medial progression-free survival (PFS) of 44.6 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 fusions, with Bayesian estimated OR and DCBR of 68% and 71%, respectively, and Bayesian posterior probability for OR and DCBR of 0.99 and >0.99, respectively (PMID: 32669708, NCT02664935). 32669708
ROS1 fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (36/50), with 3 complete responses and 33 partial responses, a median duration of response of 17.6 months, and a median progression-free survival of 19.2 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 25264305; NCT00585195). detail... 25264305 detail...
ROS1 fusion Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Repotrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I (TRIDENT-1) trial, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) treatment resulted in partial response in 21.6% (8/37) of patients with advanced solid tumors harboring ROS1 or NTRK fusions (J Clin Oncol 36, 2018 (suppl; abstr 2513); NCT03093116). detail...
ROS1 fusion Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ROS1 fusion proteins in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
ROS1 fusion ROS1 L1951R ROS1 L2026M lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient co-harboring a ROS1 fusion, and two other mutations in trans, ROS1 L2026M, and ROS1 L1951R demonstrated resistance to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib), and cells derived from this patient showed partially decreased SHP2 and ERK1/2 signaling and ROS1 activation (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
ROS1 fusion ROS1 L1951R ROS1 L2026M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring a ROS1 fusion progressed after 17 months of treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), and was found to have acquired two additional mutations in trans, ROS1 L2026M and ROS1 L1951R, and cells derived from this patient showed partially decreased SHP2 and ERK1/2 signaling and ROS1 activation (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
ROS1 fusion KIT D816G lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring a ROS1 fusion developed resistance to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) and was subsequently found to have acquired KIT D816G (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
ROS1 fusion ROS1 G2032R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Repotrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I (TRIDENT-1) trial, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) treatment resulted in partial response in a patient with advanced solid tumor harboring ROS1 G2032R in the context of ROS1 fusion (J Clin Oncol 36, 2018 (suppl; abstr 2513); NCT03093116). detail...
ROS1 fusion ROS1 S1986F ROS1 L2000V lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 fusion who had progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) was subsequently treated with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) but progression ensued and post treatment biopsy revealed acquisition of ROS1 S1986F and ROS1 L2000V (PMID: 33685866). 33685866
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ROS1 rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment to result in an objective response rate of 86% (12/14) in patients with ROS-1 rearranged advanced solid tumors that were treatment-naive, but no response (0/6) in patients who received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28183697). 28183697
ROS1 rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in complete response in 13% (1/12) and objection response in 75% (6/8) of patients with advanced solid tumors harboring rearrangement in ROS1 gene (AACR Apr 2016, Abstract # CT007). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is not indicated for use in ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients whose disease became resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Erlotinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive NPS-1034 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NPS-1034 inhibited ROS1 activity and proliferation of a non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring a ROS1 rearrangement in culture (PMID: 24165158). 24165158
ROS1 rearrange lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase I Actionable In a retrospective analysis of Phase I clinical data, Xalkori (crizotinib) resulted in an objective response rate of 80% (24/30) and a median PFS of 9.1 months in patients with ROS1 rearranged lung adenocarcinoma (PMID: 25667280). 25667280
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Gefitinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Guideline Actionable Rozlytrek (entrectinib) is included in guidelines as a preferred therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ROS1 rearrangement-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment to result in complete response in 15% (2/13) and partial response in 77% (10/13) patients with ROS-1 rearranged non-small cell lung carcinoma that were treatment-naive (PMID: 28183697). 28183697
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer, but is not indicated after patients become resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail... 31987360
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in an overall response rate of 62% (20/32, including 1 complete response), a disease control rate of 81% (26/32), and a progression-free survival of 9.3 months in all patients and 19.3 months in Xalkori (crizotinib)-naive patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement (PMID: 28520527; NCT01964157). 28520527
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive DS6051b Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, DS6051b demonstrated manageable toxicity, resulted in an objective response rate of 33.3% (2/6) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements (PMID: 32591465). 32591465
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Afatinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement demonstrated an objective response rate of 70% (21/30; all partial response), a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 20 months, a duration of response of 19 months, and a survival rate of 83% at 12 months and 63% at 24 months, when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 30978502; NCT02183870). 30978502
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as the preferred first-line therapy for ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (AcSe), treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) resulted in a an overall response rate after 2 cycles of 47.2% (17/36; all partial responses), and after 4 cycles resulted in a best overall response rate of 69.4% (21/36; 20 partial responses and 1 complete response), and a median progression-free survival of 5.5 months and median overall survival of 17.2 months in patients with ROS1-translocated non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 31584608; NCT02034981). 31584608
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring a ROS1 rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222 31987360
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial (PROFILE 1001) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 72% (38/53), with 6 complete responses and 32 partial responses, a median duration of response of 24.7 months, a median progression-free survival of 19.3 months, and a median overall survival of 51.4 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 30980071; NCT00585195). detail... detail... 30980071
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Osimertinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a retrospective analysis, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with Xalkori (crizotinib)-naive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring ROS1 rearrangement, and resulted in 1 partial response and 1 stable disease in 7 patients with Xalkori (crizotinib)-resistant NSCLC harboring ROS1 rearrangements (PMID: 32462394). 32462394
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is not indicated for use in ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients whose disease became resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 50% (6/12) of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring a ROS1 rearrangement (PMID: 29074098; NCT03052608). 29074098
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as subsequent therapy in patients with advanced or metastatic ROS1-rearranged non-small lung cancer who have progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 62% (13/21) in tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-naive and 35% (14/40) in previous Xalkori (crizotinib)-treated patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring ROS1 rearrangements, intracranial responses were observed in 64% (7/11) of TKI-naive patients and 50% (12/24) of previous Xalkori (crizotinib)-treated patients (PMID: 31669155; NCT01970865). 31669155