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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Jimeno A, Gordon M, Chugh R, Messersmith W, Mendelson D, Dupont J, Stagg R, Kapoun AM, Xu L, Uttamsingh S, Brachmann RK, Smith DC|
|Title||A First-in-Human Phase I Study of the Anticancer Stem Cell Agent Ipafricept (OMP-54F28), a Decoy Receptor for Wnt Ligands, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2017 Dec 15|
|Abstract Text||Purpose: Wnt signaling is implicated in tumor cell dedifferentiation and cancer stem cell function. Ipafricept (OMP-54F28) is a first-in-class recombinant fusion protein with the extracellular part of human frizzled 8 receptor fused to a human IgG1 Fc fragment that binds Wnt ligands. This trial evaluated ipafricept in patients with solid tumors.Experimental design: A 3+3 design was used; ipafricept was given intravenously every 3 weeks. The objectives were determination of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), immunogenicity, pharmacodynamics (PD), and preliminary efficacy.Results: 26 patients were treated in seven dose-escalation cohorts (0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 mg/kg). No further dose escalation was pursued as PK modeling indicated that the target efficacious dose was reached at 10 mg/kg, and fragility fractures occurred at 20 mg/kg. Most common related grade 1 and 2 adverse events (AEs; ≥20% of patients) were dysgeusia, decreased appetite, fatigue, and muscle spasms. Ipafricept-related grade 3 TEAEs included hypophosphatemia and weight decrease (1 subject each, 3.8%). Ipafricept half-life was ∼4 days and had low incidence of antidrug antibody formation (7.69%) with no impact on drug exposure. Six patients had β-C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX) doubling from baseline, which was reversible. PD modulation of Wnt pathway genes in hair follicles occurred ≥2.5 mg/kg. Two desmoid tumor and a germ cell cancer patient experienced stable disease for >6 months.Conclusions: Ipafricept was well tolerated, with RP2D of 15 mg/kg Q3W. Prolonged SD was noted in desmoid tumor and germ cell cancer patients. Clin Cancer Res; 23(24); 7490-7. ©2017 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||germ cell cancer||not applicable||Ipafricept||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, a patient with germ cell cancer demonstrated stable disease for greater than 6 months when treated with Ipafricept (OMP-54F28) (PMID: 28954784).||28954784|
|Unknown unknown||connective tissue benign neoplasm||not applicable||Ipafricept||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, two desmoid tumor patients demonstrated stable disease for greater than 6 months when treated with Ipafricept (OMP-54F28) (PMID: 28954784).||28954784|