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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27528724)
Authors Naing A, Papadopoulos KP, Autio KA, Ott PA, Patel MR, Wong DJ, Falchook GS, Pant S, Whiteside M, Rasco DR, Mumm JB, Chan IH, Bendell JC, Bauer TM, Colen RR, Hong DS, Van Vlasselaer P, Tannir NM, Oft M, Infante JR
Title Safety, Antitumor Activity, and Immune Activation of Pegylated Recombinant Human Interleukin-10 (AM0010) in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 34
Issue 29
Date 2016 Oct 10
URL
Abstract Text Purpose Interleukin-10 (IL-10) stimulates the expansion and cytotoxicity of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells and inhibits inflammatory CD4+ T cells. Pegylation prolongs the serum concentration of IL-10 without changing the immunologic profile. This phase I study sought to determine the safety and antitumor activity of AM0010. Patients and Methods Patients with selected advanced solid tumors were treated with AM0010 in a dose-escalation study, which was followed by a renal cell cancer (RCC) dose-expansion cohort. AM0010 was self-administered subcutaneously at doses of 1 to 40 μg/kg once per day. Primary end points were safety and tolerability; clinical activity and immune activation were secondary end points. Results In the dose-escalation and -expansion cohorts, 33 and 18 patients, respectively, were treated with daily subcutaneous injection of AM0010. AM0010 was tolerated in a heavily pretreated patient population. Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) included anemia, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, fever, and injection site reactions. Grade 3 to 4 nonhematopoietic treatment-related AEs, including rash (n = 2) and transaminitis (n = 1), were observed in five of 33 patients. Grade 3 to 4 anemia or thrombocytopenia was observed in five patients. Most treatment-related AEs were transient or reversible. AM0010 led to systemic immune activation with elevated immune-stimulatory cytokines and reduced transforming growth factor beta in the serum. Partial responses were observed in one patient with uveal melanoma and four of 15 evaluable patients with RCC treated at 20 μg/kg (overall response rate, 27%). Prolonged stable disease of at least 4 months was observed in four patients, including one with colorectal cancer with disease stabilization for 20 months. Conclusion AM0010 has an acceptable toxicity profile with early evidence of antitumor activity, particularly in RCC. These data support the further evaluation of AM0010 both alone and in combination with other immune therapies and chemotherapies.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown uveal melanoma not applicable Pegilodecakin Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with AM0010 at the active dose resulted in partial response in 21% (5/24) of evaluable advanced solid tumor patients, including 1 uveal melanoma patient who also demonstrated reduction of gastric metastases (PMID: 27528724; NCT02009449). 27528724
Unknown unknown renal cell carcinoma not applicable Pegilodecakin Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, AM0010 demonstrated safety and resulted in partial responses in 27% (4/15) of patients with renal cell carcinoma (PMID: 27528724; NCT02009449). 27528724