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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (24091716)
Authors Solomon B, Wilner KD, Shaw AT
Title Current status of targeted therapy for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer.
Abstract Text The identification of chromosomal rearrangements involving the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene in ~3-5% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and the demonstration that the first-in-class ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor, crizotinib, can effectively target these tumors represent a significant advance in the evolution of personalized medicine for NSCLC. Single-arm studies demonstrating rapid and durable responses in the majority of ALK-positive NSCLC patients treated with crizotinib have been followed by a randomized phase III clinical trial in which superiority of crizotinib over chemotherapy was seen in previously treated ALK-positive NSCLC patients. However, despite the initial responses, most patients develop acquired resistance to crizotinib. Several novel therapeutic approaches targeting ALK-positive NSCLC are currently under evaluation in clinical trials, including second-generation ALK inhibitors, such as LDK378, CH5424802 (RO5424802802), and AP26113, and heat shock protein 90 inhibitors.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a phase I/II clinical trial, Alunbrig (brigatinib) was determined to be safe and efficacious in patients with advanced, ALK-fusion positive NSCLC (PMID: 24091716). 24091716