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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (28934680)
Authors Verstovsek S, Mesa RA, Salama ME, Li L, Pitou C, Nunes FP, Price GL, Giles JL, D'Souza DN, Walgren RA, Prchal JT
Title A phase 1 study of the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)V617F inhibitor, gandotinib (LY2784544), in patients with primary myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera, and essential thrombocythemia.
Abstract Text Mutations in Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) are implicated in the pathogenesis of Philadelphia-chromosome negative myeloproliferative neoplasms, including primary myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera, and essential thrombocythemia. Gandotinib (LY2784544), a potent inhibitor of JAK2 activity, shows increased potency for the JAK2V617F mutation. The study had a standard 3+3 dose-escalation design to define the maximum-tolerated dose. Primary objectives were to determine safety, tolerability, and recommended oral daily dose of gandotinib for patients with JAK2V617F-positive myelofibrosis, essential thrombocythemia, or polycythemia vera. Secondary objectives included estimating pharmacokinetic parameters and documenting evidence of efficacy by measuring clinical improvement. Thirty-eight patients were enrolled and treated (31 myelofibrosis, 6 polycythemia vera, 1 essential thrombocythemia). The maximum-tolerated dose of gandotinib was 120mg daily, based on dose-limiting toxicities of blood creatinine increase or hyperuricemia at higher doses. Maximum plasma concentration was reached 4h after single and multiple doses, and mean half-life on day 1 was approximately 6h. Most common treatment-emergent adverse events were diarrhea (55.3%) and nausea (42.1%), a majority of which were of grade 1 severity. Best response of clinical improvement was achieved by 29% of myelofibrosis patients. A ≥50% palpable spleen length reduction was observed at any time during therapy in 20/32 evaluable patients. Additionally, ≥50% reduction in the Total Symptom Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Symptom Assessment Form Score was seen in 11/21 (52%) and 6/14 patients (43%) receiving ≥120mg at 12 and 24 weeks respectively. Gandotinib demonstrated an acceptable safety and tolerability profile, and findings at the maximum-tolerated dose of 120mg supported further clinical testing. identifier: NCT01134120.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
JAK2 V617F myeloproliferative neoplasm predicted - sensitive Gandotinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Gandotinib (LY2784544) demonstrated safety in myeloproliferative neoplasm patients harboring JAK2 V617F and resulted in clinical improvement as best response in 29% (9/31) patients with myelofibrosis (PMID: 28934680). 28934680