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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (19933908)
Authors Ramalingam SS, Maitland ML, Frankel P, Argiris AE, Koczywas M, Gitlitz B, Thomas S, Espinoza-Delgado I, Vokes EE, Gandara DR, Belani CP
Title Carboplatin and Paclitaxel in combination with either vorinostat or placebo for first-line therapy of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 28
Issue 1
Date 2010 Jan 01
URL
Abstract Text PURPOSE Vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, exerts anticancer effects by both histone and nonhistone-mediated mechanisms. It also enhances the anticancer effects of platinum compounds and taxanes in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. This phase II randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy of vorinostat in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with advanced-stage NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with previously untreated stage IIIB (ie, wet) or IV NSCLC were randomly assigned (2:1) to carboplatin (area under the curve, 6 mg/mL x min) and paclitaxel (200 mg/m(2) day 3) with either vorinostat (400 mg by mouth daily) or placebo. Vorinostat or placebo was given on days 1 through 14 of each 3-week cycle to a maximum of six cycles. The primary end point was comparison of the response rate. Results Ninety-four patients initiated protocol therapy. Baseline patient characteristics were similar between the two arms. The median number of cycles was four for both treatment arms. The confirmed response rate was 34% with vorinostat versus 12.5% with placebo (P = .02). There was a trend toward improvement in median progression-free survival (6.0 months v 4.1 months; P = .48) and overall survival (13.0 months v 9.7 months; P = .17) in the vorinostat arm. Grade 4 platelet toxicity was more common with vorinostat (18% v 3%; P < .05). Nausea, emesis, fatigue, dehydration, and hyponatremia also were more frequent with vorinostat. CONCLUSION Vorinostat enhances the efficacy of carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with advanced NSCLC. HDAC inhibition is a promising therapeutic strategy for treatment of NSCLC.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown lung non-small cell carcinoma not applicable Carboplatin + Paclitaxel + Vorinostat Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the combination of Paraplatin (carboplatin) and Taxol (paclitaxel) plus Zolinza (vorinostat) compared to the addition of placebo resulted in a greater median progression-free survival (6.0mo vs 4.1mo) and overall survival (13.0 mo vs 9.7 mo) in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (PMID: 19933908). 19933908