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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (29860938)
Authors DiNardo CD, Stein EM, de Botton S, Roboz GJ, Altman JK, Mims AS, Swords R, Collins RH, Mannis GN, Pollyea DA, Donnellan W, Fathi AT, Pigneux A, Erba HP, Prince GT, Stein AS, Uy GL, Foran JM, Traer E, Stuart RK, Arellano ML, Slack JL, Sekeres MA, Willekens C, Choe S, Wang H, Zhang V, Yen KE, Kapsalis SM, Yang H, Dai D, Fan B, Goldwasser M, Liu H, Agresta S, Wu B, Attar EC, Tallman MS, Stone RM, Kantarjian HM
Title Durable Remissions with Ivosidenib in IDH1-Mutated Relapsed or Refractory AML.
Journal The New England journal of medicine
Vol 378
Issue 25
Date 2018 06 21
URL
Abstract Text Mutations in the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 ( IDH1) occur in 6 to 10% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Ivosidenib (AG-120) is an oral, targeted, small-molecule inhibitor of mutant IDH1.We conducted a phase 1 dose-escalation and dose-expansion study of ivosidenib monotherapy in IDH1-mutated AML. Safety and efficacy were assessed in all treated patients. The primary efficacy population included patients with relapsed or refractory AML receiving 500 mg of ivosidenib daily with at least 6 months of follow-up.Overall, 258 patients received ivosidenib and had safety outcomes assessed. Among patients with relapsed or refractory AML (179 patients), treatment-related adverse events of grade 3 or higher that occurred in at least 3 patients were prolongation of the QT interval (in 7.8% of the patients), the IDH differentiation syndrome (in 3.9%), anemia (in 2.2%), thrombocytopenia or a decrease in the platelet count (in 3.4%), and leukocytosis (in 1.7%). In the primary efficacy population (125 patients), the rate of complete remission or complete remission with partial hematologic recovery was 30.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 22.5 to 39.3), the rate of complete remission was 21.6% (95% CI, 14.7 to 29.8), and the overall response rate was 41.6% (95% CI, 32.9 to 50.8). The median durations of these responses were 8.2 months (95% CI, 5.5 to 12.0), 9.3 months (95% CI, 5.6 to 18.3), and 6.5 months (95% CI, 4.6 to 9.3), respectively. Transfusion independence was attained in 29 of 84 patients (35%), and patients who had a response had fewer infections and febrile neutropenia episodes than those who did not have a response. Among 34 patients who had a complete remission or complete remission with partial hematologic recovery, 7 (21%) had no residual detectable IDH1 mutations on digital polymerase-chain-reaction assay. No preexisting co-occurring single gene mutation predicted clinical response or resistance to treatment.In patients with advanced IDH1-mutated relapsed or refractory AML, ivosidenib at a dose of 500 mg daily was associated with a low frequency of grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events and with transfusion independence, durable remissions, and molecular remissions in some patients with complete remission. (Funded by Agios Pharmaceuticals; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02074839 .).

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH1 R132S acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH1 R132L acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
IDH1 R132H acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). 29860938 detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... 29860938
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 21.6% (27/125), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 8.8% (11/125), and overall response (OR) in 41.6% (52/125) of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... detail... detail... 29860938
IDH1 R132G acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...
IDH1 R132C acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Ivosidenib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Tibsovo (ivosidenib) treatment resulted in complete remission (CR) in 28.6% (8/28), CR with partial hematological recovery (CRh) in 14.3% (4/28) of patients age 75 or older with untreated acute myeloid leukemia harboring a susceptible IDH1 mutation (R132C/G/H/L/S) as detected by an FDA-approved test, with a median treatment duration of 4.3 months (PMID: 29860938; NCT02074839). detail... 29860938 detail...