Reference Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30115596)
Authors Cramer P, von Tresckow J, Bahlo J, Robrecht S, Langerbeins P, Al-Sawaf O, Engelke A, Fink AM, Fischer K, Tausch E, Seiler T, Fischer von Weikersthal L, Hebart H, Kreuzer KA, Böttcher S, Ritgen M, Kneba M, Wendtner CM, Stilgenbauer S, Eichhorst B, Hallek M
Title Bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab and venetoclax in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL2-BAG): primary endpoint analysis of a multicentre, open-label, phase 2 trial.
Journal The Lancet. Oncology
Vol 19
Issue 9
Date 2018 Sep
URL
Abstract Text Targeted agents such as the type II anti-CD20 antibody obinutuzumab and the B-cell lymphoma-2 antagonist venetoclax have shown impressive therapeutic activity in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. The CLL2-BAG trial was initiated to investigate the combination of these two agents in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.In this ongoing multicentre, open-label, investigator-initiated phase 2 trial, patients (aged ≥18 years) with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia requiring treatment according to the 2008 International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) criteria and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2 were enrolled at 16 sites in Germany. Patients with a relevant tumour load (absolute lymphocyte count ≥25 000 cells per μL or lymph nodes with a diameter of ≥5 cm) received sequential treatment of debulking with two cycles of bendamustine (70 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 2 of each of the two 28-day cycles), followed by induction and maintenance with obinutuzumab (1000 mg intravenously on days 1-2, 8, and 15 of the first induction cycle, every 4 weeks in induction cycles 2-6, and every 12 weeks in the maintenance phase) and oral venetoclax (starting in induction cycle 2 with 20 mg/day, with a weekly dose escalation over 5 weeks to the target dose of 400 mg/day). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving an overall response by investigator assessment at the end of induction treatment. All patients who received at least two induction cycles were included in the efficacy analyses and all patients who received at least one dose of study drug were included in the safety analyses. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02401503.Between May 6, 2015, and Jan 4, 2016, 66 patients were enrolled (35 treatment naive and 31 with relapsed or refractory disease), three of whom were excluded from the efficacy analysis because they received fewer than two induction cycles. Of the remaining 63 patients in the efficacy-evaluable population, 34 patients (54%) were treatment naive and 29 (46%) had relapsed or refractory disease. At data cutoff (Feb 28, 2017), all patients had completed induction treatment. At the end of the induction, 60 (95%) of 63 patients (95% CI 87-99) had responded, including all 34 patients in the treatment-naive cohort and 26 [90%] of 29 relapsed or refractory patients. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events during debulking were neutropenia and anaemia (five [11%] of 47 patients each), and thrombocytopenia and infection (three [6%] each). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events during induction were neutropenia (29 [44%] of 66 patients), infection (nine [14%]), thrombocytopenia (eight [12%]), infusion-related reactions (five [8%]), and secondary primary malignancy (four [6%]). 89 serious adverse events, including 69 related to study treatment, were reported. These serious adverse events were also mainly infections (four cases in four patients during debulking and 18 cases in 11 patients during induction) and cytopenia (four cases in four patients during debulking and ten cases in seven patients in induction). Five relapsed or refractory patients died: three cases of sepsis were deemed related to study treatment, whereas two deaths from Richter's transformation were not.The sequential application of bendamustine and obinutuzumab combined with venetoclax caused no unexpected or cumulative toxicities. The high proportion of patients who achieved overall responses, both treatment-naive and relapsed or refractory patients irrespective of physical fitness and genetic risk factors, compare favourably to established chronic lymphocytic leukaemia therapies. Further follow-up will help to define whether the remissions with eradication of minimal residual disease achieved with this combination are durable after treatment discontinuation.F Hoffmann-La Roche and AbbVie.

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown chronic lymphocytic leukemia not applicable Bendamustine + Obinutuzumab + Venetoclax Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (CLL2-BAG), sequential treatment with Treanda (bendamustine) and Gazyva (obinutuzumab) combined with Venclexta (venetoclax) resulted in an response rate of 95% (60/63) in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, without unexpected or cumulative toxicities (PMID: 30115596; NCT02401503). 30115596