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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (28550065)
Authors Parachoniak CA, Rankin A, Gaffney B, Hartmaier R, Spritz D, Erlich RL, Miller VA, Morosini D, Stephens P, Ross JS, Keech J, Chmielecki J
Title Exceptional durable response to everolimus in a patient with biphenotypic breast cancer harboring an STK11 variant.
Journal Cold Spring Harbor molecular case studies
Vol 3
Issue 5
Date 2017 Sep
URL
Abstract Text Metastatic triple-negative breast cancer comprises 12%-17% of breast cancers and carries a poor prognosis relative to other breast cancer subtypes. Treatment options in this disease are largely limited to systemic chemotherapy. A majority of clinical studies assessing efficacy of targeted therapeutics (e.g., the mammalian target of rapamycin [mTOR] inhibitor everolimus) in advanced breast cancer patients have not utilized predictive genomic biomarker-based selection and have reported only modest improvement in the clinical outcome relative to standard of care. However, recent reports have highlighted significant clinical responses of breast malignancies harboring alterations in genes involved in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway to mTOR-inhibitor-involving regimens, underscoring the potential clinical benefit of treating subsets of breast cancer patients with molecularly matched targeted therapies. As the paradigm of cancer treatment shifts from chemotherapeutic regimens to more personalized approaches, the identification of additional reliable biomarkers is essential for identifying patients likely to derive maximum benefit from targeted therapies. Herein, we report a near-complete and ongoing 14-mo response to everolimus therapy of a heavily pretreated patient with biphenotypic, metastatic breast cancer. Genomic profiling of the metastatic triple-negative liver specimen identified a single reportable point mutation, STK11 F354L, that appears to have undergone loss of heterozygosity. No other alterations within the PI3K/mTOR pathway were observed. Published functional biochemical data on this variant are conflicting, and germline data, albeit with unclear zygosity status, are suggestive of a benign polymorphism role. Together with the preclinical data, this case suggests further investigation of this variant is warranted to better understand its role as a potential biomarker for mTOR inhibitor sensitivity in the appropriate clinical context.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
STK11 F354L triple-receptor negative breast cancer predicted - sensitive Everolimus + Exemestane Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Afinitor (everolimus) in combination with Aromasin (exemestane) resulted in complete response ongoing for 14 months in a patient with metastatic triple-receptor negative breast cancer harboring STK11 F354L (PMID: 28550065). 28550065