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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Kreisl TN, Smith P, Sul J, Salgado C, Iwamoto FM, Shih JH, Fine HA|
|Title||Continuous daily sunitinib for recurrent glioblastoma.|
|Journal||Journal of neuro-oncology|
|Abstract Text||Bevacizumab ((BEV) has become a mainstay of treating recurrent glioblastoma, but eventual tumor resistance is expected. Targeting multiple growth-associated signaling pathways may result in more effective treatment than targeting VEGF alone. Patients with recurrent glioblastoma were stratified by prior BEV exposure and treated with sunitinib 37.5 mg daily in this phase II study. Response evaluations were performed at baseline and at the end of every 4 week cycle. Six-month progression-free survival (PFS6) was the primary endpoint for both arms of the study. Secondary endpoints included health related quality of life measures and FDG-PET correlatives with patient outcomes. Sixty-three patients were accrued to this study; thirty-two were BEV-naïve, 31 were BEV-resistant. PFS6 was 10.4 % [95 % CI 3.2-33.8] in the BEV-naïve cohort and 0 % in the BEV-resistant cohort. Median overall survival was 9.4 months [95 % CI 6.15-21.90] in the BEV-naïve cohort and 4.37 months [95 % CI 3.02-6.21] in the BEV-resistant cohort. 3/29 patients (10 %) of the BEV-naïve, and 0/27 BEV-resistant patients achieved radiographic response. Thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and neutropenia were the most common drug-associated adverse events and occurred with higher frequency than expected. Sunitinib treatment in BEV-naïve patients did not appear to affect outcomes with subsequent BEV therapy. Continuous daily sunitinib did not prolong progression-free survival in BEV-naïve nor BEV-resistant patients with recurrent glioblastoma.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||glioblastoma multiforme||no benefit||Sunitinib||Phase II||Actionable||In multiple Phase II clinical trials, Sutent (sunitinib) failed to demonstrate any benefit in patients with glioblastoma with or without concurrent bevacizumab treatment (PMID: 24424564, PMID: 23086433).||23086433 24424564|