Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30190299)
Authors Van Cutsem E, Martinelli E, Cascinu S, Sobrero A, Banzi M, Seitz JF, Barone C, Ychou M, Peeters M, Brenner B, Hofheinz RD, Maiello E, André T, Spallanzani A, Garcia-Carbonero R, Arriaga YE, Verma U, Grothey A, Kappeler C, Miriyala A, Kalmus J, Falcone A, Zaniboni A
Title Regorafenib for Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Who Progressed After Standard Therapy: Results of the Large, Single-Arm, Open-Label Phase IIIb CONSIGN Study.
Journal The oncologist
Vol
Issue
Date 2018 Sep 06
URL
Abstract Text In the phase III CORRECT trial, regorafenib significantly improved survival in treatment-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The CONSIGN study was designed to further characterize regorafenib safety and allow patients access to regorafenib before market authorization.This prospective, single-arm study enrolled patients in 25 countries at 186 sites. Patients with treatment-refractory mCRC and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) ≤1 received regorafenib 160 mg once daily for the first 3 weeks of each 4-week cycle. The primary endpoint was safety. Progression-free survival (PFS) per investigator assessment was the only efficacy evaluation.In total, 2,872 patients were assigned to treatment and 2,864 were treated. Median age was 62 years, ECOG PS 0/1 was 47%/53%, and 74% had received at least three prior regimens for metastatic disease. Median treatment duration was three cycles. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) led to dose reduction in 46% of patients. Regorafenib-related TEAEs led to treatment discontinuation in 9%. Grade 5 regorafenib-related TEAEs occurred in <1%. The most common grade ≥3 regorafenib-related TEAEs were hypertension (15%), hand-foot skin reaction (14%), fatigue (13%), diarrhea (5%), and hypophosphatemia (5%). Treatment-emergent grade 3-4 laboratory toxicities included alanine aminotransferase (6%), aspartate aminotransferase (7%), and bilirubin (13%). Ongoing monitoring identified one nonfatal case of regorafenib-related severe drug-induced liver injury per DILI Working Group criteria. Median PFS (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 2.7 months (2.6-2.7).In CONSIGN, the frequency and severity of TEAEs were consistent with the known safety profile of regorafenib. PFS was similar to reports of phase III trials. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01538680.Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who fail treatment with standard therapies, including chemotherapy and monoclonal antibodies targeting vascular endothelial growth factor or epidermal growth factor receptor, have few treatment options. The multikinase inhibitor regorafenib was shown to improve survival in patients with treatment-refractory mCRC in the phase III CORRECT (N = 760) and CONCUR (N = 204) trials. However, safety data on regorafenib for mCRC in a larger number of patients were not available. The CONSIGN trial, carried out prospectively in more than 2,800 patients across 25 countries, confirmed the safety profile of regorafenib from the phase III trials and reinforced the importance of using treatment modifications to manage adverse events.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Therapy Description
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown colorectal cancer not applicable Regorafenib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III clinical trial (CORRECT) that supported FDA approval, Stivarga (regorafenib) demonstrated safety and improved overall survival compared to placebo (6.4 vs 5.0 months, HR=0.77, p=0.0052) in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (PMID: 23177514; NCT01103323). 23177514 detail...
Unknown unknown colorectal cancer not applicable Regorafenib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (CONSIGN), Stivarga (regorafenib) treatment demonstrated safety profile and efficacy consistent with previous studies, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.7 months overall, 2.8 months in KRAS wild-type, and 2.5 months in KRAS mutant colorectal cancer patients, and with no difference in KRAS status between long and short PFS groups (PMID: 30190299; NCT01538680). 30190299
KRAS mutant colorectal cancer no benefit Regorafenib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (CONSIGN), Stivarga (regorafenib) treatment demonstrated safety profile and efficacy consistent with previous studies, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.7 months overall, 2.8 months in KRAS wild-type, and 2.5 months in KRAS mutant colorectal cancer patients, and with no difference in KRAS status between long and short PFS groups (PMID: 30190299; NCT01538680). 30190299
KRAS mutant colorectal cancer no benefit Regorafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial (PREVIUM), Stivarga (regorafenib) treatment resulted in 0% (0/15) 6-month progression free survival (PFS), a 2.2-month median PFS, and a median overall survival of 3.3 months in metastatic colorectal cancer patients with KRAS (n=9), NRAS (n=3) or BRAF (n=2) mutations who failed first line therapy; however, the trial was terminated early due to poor accrual (PMID: 30120161; NCT02175654). 30120161