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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30351999)
Authors Kaley T, Touat M, Subbiah V, Hollebecque A, Rodon J, Lockhart AC, Keedy V, Bielle F, Hofheinz RD, Joly F, Blay JY, Chau I, Puzanov I, Raje NS, Wolf J, DeAngelis LM, Makrutzki M, Riehl T, Pitcher B, Baselga J, Hyman DM
Title BRAF Inhibition in BRAFV600-Mutant Gliomas: Results From the VE-BASKET Study.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 36
Issue 35
Date 2018 12 10
URL
Abstract Text BRAFV600 mutations are frequently found in several glioma subtypes, including pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) and ganglioglioma and much less commonly in glioblastoma. We sought to determine the activity of vemurafenib, a selective inhibitor of BRAFV600, in patients with gliomas that harbor this mutation.The VE-BASKET study was an open-label, nonrandomized, multicohort study for BRAFV600-mutant nonmelanoma cancers. Patients with BRAFV600-mutant glioma received vemurafenib 960 mg twice per day continuously until disease progression, withdrawal, or intolerable adverse effects. Key end points included confirmed objective response rate by RECIST version 1.1, progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety.Twenty-four patients (median age, 32 years; 18 female and six male patients) with glioma, including malignant diffuse glioma (n = 11; six glioblastoma and five anaplastic astrocytoma), PXA (n = 7), anaplastic ganglioglioma (n = 3), pilocytic astrocytoma (n = 2), and high-grade glioma, not otherwise specified (n = 1), were treated. Confirmed objective response rate was 25% (95% CI, 10% to 47%) and median progression-free survival was 5.5 months (95% CI, 3.7 to 9.6 months). In malignant diffuse glioma, best response included one partial response and five patients with stable disease, two of whom had disease stabilization that lasted more than 1 year. In PXA, best response included one complete response, two partial responses, and three patients with stable disease. Additional partial responses were observed in patients with pilocytic astrocytoma and anaplastic ganglioglioma (one each). The safety profile of vemurafenib was generally consistent with that of previously published studies.Vemurafenib demonstrated evidence of durable antitumor activity in some patients with BRAFV600-mutant gliomas, although efficacy seemed to vary qualitatively by histologic subtype. Additional study is needed to determine the optimal use of vemurafenib in patients with primary brain tumors and to identify the mechanisms driving differential responses across histologic subsets.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 42.9% (3/7, 1 complete response, 2 partial responses) and a clinical benefit rate of 57% in patients with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, with a median progression-free survival of 5.7 months, and median overall survival not reached (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E glioblastoma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in stable disease as best response in 3 of 6 patients with glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E, with stable disease lasting 3.6, 3.7, and 12.9 months, respectively (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E anaplastic astrocytoma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in 1 of 5 patients with anaplastic astrrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E, with 2 other patients achieved stable disease lasting 14.9, and 5.6 months, respectively (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E high grade glioma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 25% (6/24, 1 complete response, 5 partial responses) in patients with gliomas harboring BRAF V600E, with a median progression free survival of 5.5-months, a median overall survival of 28.2 months (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E ganglioglioma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with anaplastic ganglioglioma harboring BRAF V600E who stayed on treatment for 13.8 months (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999
BRAF V600E pilocytic astrocytoma predicted - sensitive Vemurafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (VE-BASKET), Zelboraf (vemurafenib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with pilocytic astrrocytoma harboring BRAF V600E who stayed on treatment for 15.3 months (PMID: 30351999; NCT01524978). 30351999