Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30679388)
Authors Shimomura A, Yamamoto N, Kondo S, Fujiwara Y, Suzuki S, Yanagitani N, Horiike A, Kitazono S, Ohyanagi F, Doi T, Kuboki Y, Kawazoe A, Shitara K, Ohno I, Banerji U, Sundar R, Ohkubo S, Calleja EM, Nishio M
Title First-in-Human Phase I Study of an Oral HSP90 Inhibitor, TAS-116, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.
Journal Molecular cancer therapeutics
Vol 18
Issue 3
Date 2019 Mar
URL
Abstract Text HSP90 is involved in stability and function of cancer-related proteins. This study was conducted to define the MTD, safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary antitumor efficacy of TAS-116, a novel class, orally available, highly selective inhibitor of HSP90. Patients with advanced solid tumors received TAS-116 orally once daily (QD, step 1) or every other day (QOD, step 2) in 21-day cycles. Each step comprised a dose escalation phase to determine MTD and an expansion phase at the MTD. In the dose escalation phase, an accelerated dose-titration design and a "3+3" design were used. Sixty-one patients were enrolled in Japan and the United Kingdom. MTD was determined to be 107.5 mg/m2/day for QD, and 210.7 mg/m2/day for QOD. In the expansion phase of step 1, TAS-116 was administered 5 days on/2 days off per week (QD × 5). The most common treatment-related adverse events included gastrointestinal disorders, creatinine increases, AST increases, ALT increases, and eye disorders. Eye disorders have been reported with HSP90 inhibitors; however, those observed with TAS-116 in the expansion phases were limited to grade 1. The systemic exposure of TAS-116 increased dose-proportionally with QD and QOD regimens. Two patients with non-small cell lung cancer and one patient with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) achieved a confirmed partial response. TAS-116 had an acceptable safety profile with some antitumor activity, supporting further development of this HSP90 inhibitor.This is a result from a first-in-human study, in which the HSP90 inhibitor TAS-116 demonstrated preliminary antitumor efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors, including those with heavily pretreated GIST.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown Advanced Solid Tumor not applicable TAS-116 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, TAS-116 demonstrated safety and resulted in a disease control rate of 27% (16/60; including stable disease for greater than or equal to 12 weeks (13) and partial responses (3)), in patients with advanced solid tumors, with partial responses in 2 patients with non-small cell lung cancer and 1 patient with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (PMID: 30679388; NCT02965885). 30679388