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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Nishio M, Horai T, Horiike A, Nokihara H, Yamamoto N, Takahashi T, Murakami H, Yamamoto N, Koizumi F, Nishio K, Yusa W, Koyama N, Tamura T|
|Title||Phase 1 study of lenvatinib combined with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer.|
|Journal||British journal of cancer|
|Date||2013 Aug 06|
|Abstract Text||This dose-finding study evaluated lenvatinib, an oral multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel in chemotherapy-naïve non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.Patients received lenvatinib twice daily (BID) with carboplatin (area under the curve 6 mg ml(-1) min(-1), day 1)/paclitaxel (200 mg m(-2), day 1) every 3 weeks. The initial dose of lenvatinib was 6 mg BID. The primary end point was maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lenvatinib. At the MTD, the cohort was expanded by 16 patients. Safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and antitumor effects were evaluated.Twenty-eight patients were treated. At 6 mg BID, dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) included febrile neutropenia/gingival infection (n=2). No DLTs occurred with 4 mg BID, the recommended MTD for the expansion. Common grade 3/4 toxicities included neutropenia, leukopenia, hypertension, and thrombocytopenia. The combination had no significant impact on individual drug pharmacokinetics. Response rate and median progression-free survival were 68% and 9.0 months, respectively, with 4 mg BID. In the plasma biomarker analysis, stromal cell-derived factor 1α, stem cell factor, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor correlated with antitumor activity.The MTD for lenvatinib with carboplatin/paclitaxel is 4 mg BID in advanced NSCLC patients. This regimen demonstrated manageable tolerability and encouraging antitumor activity.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||lung non-small cell carcinoma||not applicable||Carboplatin + Lenvatinib + Paclitaxel||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial of patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC, treatment with Lenvima (lenvatinib) in combination with Paraplatin (carboplatin) and Taxol (paclitaxel) was tolerated and demonstrated anti-tumor activity (PMID: 23860537).||23860537|