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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (28637662)
Authors Chari A, Suvannasankha A, Fay JW, Arnulf B, Kaufman JL, Ifthikharuddin JJ, Weiss BM, Krishnan A, Lentzsch S, Comenzo R, Wang J, Nottage K, Chiu C, Khokhar NZ, Ahmadi T, Lonial S
Title Daratumumab plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone in relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.
Journal Blood
Vol 130
Issue 8
Date 2017 08 24
URL
Abstract Text Daratumumab plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone (pom-dex) was evaluated in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma with ≥2 prior lines of therapy who were refractory to their last treatment. Patients received daratumumab 16 mg/kg at the recommended dosing schedule, pomalidomide 4 mg daily for 21 days of each 28-day cycle, and dexamethasone 40 mg weekly. Safety was the primary end point. Overall response rate (ORR) and minimal residual disease (MRD) by next-generation sequencing were secondary end points. Patients (N = 103) received a median (range) of 4 (1-13) prior therapies; 76% received ≥3 prior therapies. The safety profile of daratumumab plus pom-dex was similar to that of pom-dex alone, with the exception of daratumumab-specific infusion-related reactions (50%) and a higher incidence of neutropenia, although without an increase in infection rate. Common grade ≥3 adverse events were neutropenia (78%), anemia (28%), and leukopenia (24%). ORR was 60% and was generally consistent across subgroups (58% in double-refractory patients). Among patients with a complete response or better, 29% were MRD negative at a threshold of 10-5 Among the 62 responders, median duration of response was not estimable (NE; 95% confidence interval [CI], 13.6-NE). At a median follow-up of 13.1 months, the median progression-free survival was 8.8 (95% CI, 4.6-15.4) months and median overall survival was 17.5 (95% CI, 13.3-NE) months. The estimated 12-month survival rate was 66% (95% CI, 55.6-74.8). Aside from increased neutropenia, the safety profile of daratumumab plus pom-dex was consistent with that of the individual therapies. Deep, durable responses were observed in heavily treated patients. The study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01998971.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown multiple myeloma not applicable Daratumumab + Dexamethasone + Pomalidomide FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I trial (EQUULEUS) that supported FDA approval, Darzalex (Daratumumab) in combination with Pomalyst (pomalidomide) and Adexone (dexamethasone) resulted in an objective response rate of 60% (61/103) in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, with a median progression-free survival of 8.8 months and a median overall survival of 17.5 months (PMID: 28637662; NCT01998971). detail... 28637662