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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31097096)
Authors Assoun S, Theou-Anton N, Nguenang M, Cazes A, Danel C, Abbar B, Pluvy J, Gounant V, Khalil A, Namour C, Brosseau S, Zalcman G
Title Association of TP53 mutations with response and longer survival under immune checkpoint inhibitors in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Journal Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Vol 132
Issue
Date 2019 Jun
URL
Abstract Text Tumor mutational burden (TMB) correlates with response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC). We hypothesized that TP53 mutations could reflect TMB and be associated with ICI benefit.TP53 mutations were assessed by next-generation sequencing in aNSCLC patients treated with programmed death-1 (PD-1) blockers. Clinical data, tumor programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression, and KRAS mutational status were collected. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS).In total, 72 patients (median [interquartile range] age: 61 [33-83] years) were included; 52 (72%) were male; 39 (54%) had performance status 0-1; 53 (74%) had adenocarcinoma; 20 (28%) received first-line ICI, 52 (72%) second line or more. In 65 patients with available data, 36 (55%) expressed PD-L1 in ≥50% of tumor cells, 20 (31%) in 1-49% of cells, and nine (14%) were PD-L1-negative. Non-synonymous TP53 mutations were observed in 41 (57%) and 25 (35%) harbored KRAS-mutated tumors. After a median follow-up of 15.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 10.3-17.4 m), the median OS in the TP53-mutated group was 18.1 months (95% CI 6.6-not reached), vs. 8.1 months (95% CI 2.2-14.5, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.48; 95% CI 0.25-0.95, p = 0.04) in the TP53-wild-type group. Median progression-free survival was significantly longer in TP53-mutated patients (4.5 months, 95% CI 2.8-18.1 versus 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-3.5; p = 0.03), although TP53 mutation status failed to significantly influence PFS in the multivariate analysis (p = 0.32). Objective response rate (ORR) was higher in patients with TP53 mutation (51.2% vs. 20.7%; p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, TP53 mutations independently associated with longer OS (HR = 0.35, 95% CI 0.16-0.77, p = 0.009).TP53-mutated status correlated with immunotherapy OS benefit in aNSCLC.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
TP53 mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment including Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=1), Opdivo (nivolumab) with (n=8) or without (n=63) Yervoy (ipilimumab) resulted in improved median overall survival (18.1 vs 8.1 months, HR=0.48, p=0.04), median progression-free survival (4.5 vs 1.4 months, p=0.03), and objective response rate (51.2% vs 20.7%, p=0.01) in TP53 mutant (n=41) non-small cell lung cancer patients compared to TP53 wild-type (n=31) patients (PMID: 31097096). 31097096
TP53 mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment including Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=1), Opdivo (nivolumab) with (n=8) or without (n=63) Yervoy (ipilimumab) resulted in improved median overall survival (18.1 vs 8.1 months, HR=0.48, p=0.04), median progression-free survival (4.5 vs 1.4 months, p=0.03), and objective response rate (51.2% vs 20.7%, p=0.01) in TP53 mutant (n=41) non-small cell lung cancer patients compared to TP53 wild-type (n=31) patients (PMID: 31097096). 31097096
TP53 mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Pembrolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment including Keytruda (pembrolizumab) (n=1), Opdivo (nivolumab) with (n=8) or without (n=63) Yervoy (ipilimumab) resulted in improved median overall survival (18.1 vs 8.1 months, HR=0.48, p=0.04), median progression-free survival (4.5 vs 1.4 months, p=0.03), and objective response rate (51.2% vs 20.7%, p=0.01) in TP53 mutant (n=41) non-small cell lung cancer patients compared to TP53 wild-type (n=31) patients (PMID: 31097096). 31097096