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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30720867)
Authors Kim JY, Lee E, Park K, Jung HH, Park WY, Lee KH, Sohn J, Lee KS, Jung KH, Kim JH, Lee KH, Im SA, Park YH
Title Molecular alterations and poziotinib efficacy, a pan-HER inhibitor, in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancers: Combined exploratory biomarker analysis from a phase II clinical trial of poziotinib for refractory HER2-positive breast cancer patients.
Journal International journal of cancer
Vol 145
Issue 6
Date 2019 Sep 15
URL
Abstract Text We aimed to investigate the impact of genetic alterations on the efficacy of poziotinib in a phase II clinical trial of patients with heavily treated HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (BC). We performed targeted ultra-deep sequencing with a customized cancer gene panel and RNA expression assay using BC specimens. Of 106 patients, biomarker data were available for 85. Copy number (CN) amplifications of HER2 were observed in 72 patients (85%), and CN >8 in 50 (59%). Single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of HER2 were found in 16 patients (19%). Genetic alterations of PIK3CA pathway were found in 40 patients (47%). Median progression free survival (PFS) of the biomarker analysis group was 3.61 months. In terms of PFS, HER2 with CN >8 prolonged (hazard ratio (HR) 0.61, 95% CI: 0.38, 0.97, p = 0.037) and alteration of PIK3CA pathway shortened the duration of survival (HR 2.25, 95% CI: 1.39, 3.63, p = 0.001). SNVs of HER2 increased survival duration, but the effect was not significant (HR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.31, 1.08, p = 0.085). In addition, SNVs in the ERBB3 cytoplasmic domain decreased poziotinib response (HR: 4.58, 95% CI: 2.02, 10.37, p < 0.001). In multigene analysis, BC with HER2 CN >8 and intact PIK3CA pathway had significantly longer PFS compared to others (HR: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.21, 0.66, p = 0.001), while SNVs in the ERBB3 cytoplasmic domain predicted poor prognosis (HR: 4.28, 95% CI: 1.71, 10.71, p < 0.001). In conclusion, HER2 CN amplification, PIK3CA pathway alteration, and ERBB3 cytoplasmic mutation showed predictive roles on clinical outcomes of HER2-positive MBC treated with poziotinib.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ERBB2 amp Her2-receptor positive breast cancer predicted - sensitive Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, increased copy number (CN) of ERBB2 (HER2) was associated with improved response to Poziotinib (HM781-36B) treatment in patients with Erbb2 (Her2)-positive breast cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 4.86 months in patients with CN over 8 and 2.99 months in patients with CN equal to or less than 8 (HR=0.61, p=0.037) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 amp PIK3CA wild-type Her2-receptor positive breast cancer predicted - sensitive Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of high ERBB2 (HER2) copy number and wild-type PIK3CA correlated with improved progression-free survival (HR=0.45, p=0.024) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 over exp PIK3CA E545X Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 amp PIK3CA E545X Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 over exp PIK3CA E542X Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 amp PIK3CA H1047X Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 amp PIK3CA E542X Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 amp PIK3CA act mut Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 over exp PIK3CA act mut Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867
ERBB2 over exp PIK3CA H1047X Her2-receptor positive breast cancer decreased response Poziotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, the presence of PIK3CA activating mutations including E542X, E545X, and H1047X correlated with shorter progression-free survival (2.66 months) compared to PIK3CA wild-type or other mutations (4.24 month, HR=1.68, p=0.033) in patients with metastatic Erbb2 (Her2)-positive (amplification or overexpression) breast cancer treated with Poziotinib (HM781-36B) (PMID: 30720867, NCT02418689). 30720867