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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31439588)
Authors Pailler E, Faugeroux V, Oulhen M, Mezquita L, Laporte M, Honoré A, Lecluse Y, Queffelec P, NgoCamus M, Nicotra C, Remon J, Lacroix L, Planchard D, Friboulet L, Besse B, Farace F
Title Acquired Resistance Mutations to ALK Inhibitors Identified by Single Circulating Tumor Cell Sequencing in ALK-Rearranged Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 25
Issue 22
Date 2019 Nov 15
URL
Abstract Text Patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) inevitably develop resistance to ALK inhibitors. New diagnostic strategies are needed to assess resistance mechanisms and provide patients with the most effective therapy. We asked whether single circulating tumor cell (CTC) sequencing can inform on resistance mutations to ALK inhibitors and underlying tumor heterogeneity in ALK-rearranged NSCLC.Resistance mutations were investigated in CTCs isolated at the single-cell level from patients at disease progression on crizotinib (n = 14) or lorlatinib (n = 3). Three strategies including filter laser-capture microdissection, fluorescence activated cell sorting, and the DEPArray were used. One hundred twenty-six CTC pools and 56 single CTCs were isolated and sequenced. Hotspot regions over 48 cancer-related genes and 14 ALK mutations were examined to identify ALK-independent and ALK-dependent resistance mechanisms.Multiple mutations in various genes in ALK-independent pathways were predominantly identified in CTCs of crizotinib-resistant patients. The RTK-KRAS (EGFR, KRAS, BRAF genes) and TP53 pathways were recurrently mutated. In one lorlatinib-resistant patient, two single CTCs out of 12 harbored ALK compound mutations. CTC-1 harbored the ALKG1202R/F1174C compound mutation virtually similar to ALKG1202R/F1174L present in the corresponding tumor biopsy. CTC-10 harbored a second ALKG1202R/T1151M compound mutation not detected in the tumor biopsy. By copy-number analysis, CTC-1 and the tumor biopsy had similar profiles, whereas CTC-10 harbored multiple copy-number alterations and whole-genome duplication.Our results highlight the genetic heterogeneity and clinical utility of CTCs to identify therapeutic resistance mutations in ALK-rearranged patients. Single CTC sequencing may be a unique tool to assess heterogeneous resistance mechanisms and help clinicians for treatment personalization and resistance options to ALK-targeted therapies.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK T1151M ALK G1202R ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and subsequent testing of the tumor biopsy revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174L whereas testing of single isolated circulating tumor cells (CTC) revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174C in one CTC sample and ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in the second CTC sample (PMID: 31439588). 31439588
ALK F1174C ALK G1202R ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and subsequent testing of the tumor biopsy revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174L whereas testing of single isolated circulating tumor cells (CTC) revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174C in one CTC sample and ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in the second CTC sample (PMID: 31439588). 31439588
ALK F1174L ALK G1202R ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and subsequent testing of the tumor biopsy revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174L whereas testing of single isolated circulating tumor cells (CTC) revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174C in one CTC sample and ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in the second CTC sample (PMID: 31439588). 31439588