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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Bendell JC, Rodon J, Burris HA, de Jonge M, Verweij J, Birle D, Demanse D, De Buck SS, Ru QC, Peters M, Goldbrunner M, Baselga J|
|Title||Phase I, dose-escalation study of BKM120, an oral pan-Class I PI3K inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors.|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||2012 Jan 20|
|Abstract Text||This phase I dose-escalation study investigated the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), safety, preliminary activity, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics of BKM120, a potent and highly specific oral pan-Class I PI3K inhibitor.Thirty-five patients with advanced solid tumors received daily BKM120 12.5 to 150 mg. Dose escalation was guided by a Bayesian logistic regression model with overdose control. Assessments included archival tumor molecular status, response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), positron emission tomography tracer uptake ([(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography [FDG-PET]), fasting plasma C-peptide, and phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6 (pS6) in skin biopsies.Overall, treatment was well tolerated. Dose-limiting toxicities were grade 2 mood alteration (80 mg), grade 3 epigastralgia, grade 3 rash, grade 2 and grade 3 mood alteration (100 mg), and two grade 4 hyperglycemia (150 mg). The MTD was 100 mg/d. Frequent treatment-related adverse events included rash, hyperglycemia, diarrhea, anorexia, and mood alteration (37% each); nausea (31%); fatigue (26%); pruritus (23%); and mucositis (23%). BKM120 demonstrated rapid absorption, half-life of ∼40 hours, ∼three-fold steady-state accumulation, dose-proportional exposure, and moderate interpatient variability. One patient demonstrated a confirmed partial response (triple-negative breast cancer); seven patients (20%) were on study for ≥ 8 months. BKM120 demonstrated dose-dependent pharmacodynamic effects on [(18)F]FDG-PET, fasting C-peptide, fasting blood glucose, and pS6. No significant trends were seen to correlate tumor molecular alterations with clinical activity.This study demonstrates feasibility and proof-of-concept of class I PI3K inhibition in patients with advanced cancers. BKM120, at the MTD of 100 mg/d, is safe and well tolerated, with a favorable PK profile, clear evidence of target inhibition, and preliminary antitumor activity.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||Buparlisib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, Buparlisib (BKM120) demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors (PMID: 22162589).||22162589|