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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Hart S, Goh KC, Novotny-Diermayr V, Tan YC, Madan B, Amalini C, Ong LC, Kheng B, Cheong A, Zhou J, Chng WJ, Wood JM|
|Title||Pacritinib (SB1518), a JAK2/FLT3 inhibitor for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.|
|Journal||Blood cancer journal|
|Abstract Text||FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is the most commonly mutated gene found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and its activating mutations have been proven to be a negative prognostic marker for clinical outcome. Pacritinib (SB1518) is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with equipotent activity against FLT3 (IC(50)=22 n) and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2, IC(50)=23 n). Pacritinib inhibits FLT3 phosphorylation and downstream STAT, MAPK and PI3 K signaling in FLT3-internal-tandem duplication (ITD), FLT3-wt cells and primary AML blast cells. Oral administration of pacritinib in murine models of FLT3-ITD-driven AML led to significant inhibition of primary tumor growth and lung metastasis. Upregulation of JAK2 in FLT3-TKI-resistant AML cells was identified as a potential mechanism of resistance to selective FLT3 inhibition. This resistance could be overcome by the combined FLT3 and JAK2 activities of pacritinib in this cellular model. Our findings provide a rationale for the clinical evaluation of pacritinib in AML including patients resistant to FLT3-TKI therapy.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Pacritinib||Vonjo||SB1518|SB-1518|SB 1518||FLT3 Inhibitor 57 JAK2 Inhibitor - ATP competitive 15||Vonjo (pacritinib) is an inhibitor of JAK2 and FLT3, with activity against JAK2 V617F and FLT3 ITD, which potentially increases tumor cell apoptosis, induces cell cycle arrest, and decreases tumor growth (PMID: 22829080, PMID: 21691275). Vonjo (pacritinib) is FDA approved for use in patients with primary or secondary myelofibrosis (FDA.gov).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|FLT3 exon 14 ins||acute myeloid leukemia||predicted - sensitive||Pacritinib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Vonjo (pacritinib) induced apoptosis and inhibited proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia cells harboring a FLT3-ITD mutation in culture, and inhibited tumor growth and induced tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 22829080).||22829080|