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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (29261439)
Authors Hussain M, Daignault-Newton S, Twardowski PW, Albany C, Stein MN, Kunju LP, Siddiqui J, Wu YM, Robinson D, Lonigro RJ, Cao X, Tomlins SA, Mehra R, Cooney KA, Montgomery B, Antonarakis ES, Shevrin DH, Corn PG, Whang YE, Smith DC, Caram MV, Knudsen KE, Stadler WM, Feng FY, Chinnaiyan AM
Title Targeting Androgen Receptor and DNA Repair in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From NCI 9012.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 36
Issue 10
Date 2018 04 01
URL
Abstract Text Purpose To determine whether cotargeting poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 plus androgen receptor is superior to androgen receptor inhibition in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and whether ETS fusions predict response. Patients and Methods Patients underwent metastatic site biopsy and were stratified by ETS status and randomly assigned to abiraterone plus prednisone without (arm A) or with veliparib (arm B). Primary objectives were: confirmed prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate (RR) and whether ETS fusions predicted response. Secondary objectives were: safety, measurable disease RR (mRR), progression-free survival (PFS), and molecular biomarker analysis. A total of 148 patients were randomly assigned to detect a 20% PSA RR improvement. Results A total of 148 patients with mCRPC were randomly assigned: arm A, n = 72; arm B, n = 76. There were no differences in PSA RR (63.9% v 72.4%; P = .27), mRR (45.0% v 52.2%; P = .51), or median PFS (10.1 v 11 months; P = .99). ETS fusions did not predict response. Exploratory analysis of tumor sequencing (80 patients) revealed: 41 patients (51%) were ETS positive, 20 (25%) had DNA-damage repair defect (DRD), 41 (51%) had AR amplification or copy gain, 34 (43%) had PTEN mutation, 33 (41%) had TP53 mutation, 39 (49%) had PIK3CA pathway activation, and 12 (15%) had WNT pathway alteration. Patients with DRD had significantly higher PSA RR (90% v 56.7%; P = .007) and mRR (87.5% v 38.6%; P = .001), PSA decline ≥ 90% (75% v 25%; P = .001), and longer median PFS (14.5 v 8.1 months; P = .025) versus those with wild-type tumors. Median PFS was longer in patients with normal PTEN (13.5 v 6.7 months; P = .02), TP53 (13.5 v 7.7 months; P = .01), and PIK3CA (13.8 v 8.3 months; P = .03) versus those with mutation or activation. In multivariable analysis adjusting for clinical covariates, DRD association with PFS remained significant. Conclusion Veliparib and ETS status did not affect response. Exploratory analysis identified a novel DRD association with mCRPC outcomes.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown prostate cancer not applicable Abiraterone + Prednisone + Veliparib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II (NCI 9012) trial, addition of Veliparib (ABT-888) to Zytiga (abiraterone) and Prednisone did not improve PSA response rate (72.4% vs 63.9%, p=0.27), measurable disease response rate (52.2% vs 45.0%, p=0.51), or median progression-free survival (10.1 vs 11.0 months, p=0.99) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (PMID: 29261439; NCT01576172). 29261439