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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31943762)
Authors Weisberg E, Meng C, Case AE, Tiv HL, Gokhale PC, Toure AA, Buhrlage S, Liu X, Wang J, Gray N, Stone R, Adamia S, Winer E, Sattler M, Griffin JD
Title The combination of FLT3 and SYK kinase inhibitors is toxic to leukaemia cells with CBL mutations.
Journal Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
Vol 24
Issue 3
Date 2020 Feb
URL
Abstract Text Mutations in the E3 ubiquitin ligase CBL, found in several myeloid neoplasms, lead to decreased ubiquitin ligase activity. In murine systems, these mutations are associated with cytokine-independent proliferation, thought to result from the activation of hematopoietic growth receptors, including FLT3 and KIT. Using cell lines and primary patient cells, we compared the activity of a panel of FLT3 inhibitors currently being used or tested in AML patients and also evaluated the effects of inhibition of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase, SYK. We show that FLT3 inhibitors ranging from promiscuous to highly targeted are potent inhibitors of growth of leukaemia cells expressing mutant CBL in vitro, and we demonstrate in vivo efficacy of midostaurin using mouse models of mutant CBL. Potentiation of effects of targeted FLT3 inhibition by SYK inhibition has been demonstrated in models of mutant FLT3-positive AML and AML characterized by hyperactivated SYK. Here, we show that targeted SYK inhibition similarly enhances the effects of midostaurin and other FLT3 inhibitors against mutant CBL-positive leukaemia. Taken together, our results support the notion that mutant CBL-expressing myeloid leukaemias are highly sensitive to available FLT3 inhibitors and that this effect can be significantly augmented by optimum inhibition of SYK kinase.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
CBL Y371del deletion loss of function - predicted CBL Y371del results in the deletion of one amino acid in the linker region of the Cbl protein at amino acid 371 (UniProt.org). Y371del results in decreased apoptosis, increased cell cycle progression, and transformation of cultured cells in the presence of FLT3 (PMID: 20622007, PMID: 31943762), and therefore is predicted to result in a loss of Cbl protein function.
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive PRT062607 + Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Nexavar (sorafenib) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371del FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Crenolanib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Crenolanib inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371del in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Crenolanib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Crenolanib inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Quizartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Quizartinib (AC220) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Midostaurin Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Rydapt (midostaurin) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture, and inhibited leukemic growth and prolonged survival in cell line xenograft models expressing FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive PRT062607 + Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Nexavar (sorafenib) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371del FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Nexavar (sorafenib) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371del in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Nexavar (sorafenib) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Midostaurin Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Rydapt (midostaurin) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture, and inhibited leukemic growth and prolonged survival in cell line xenograft models expressing FLT3 and CBL Y371H (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371del FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Midostaurin + PRT062607 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371del in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371del FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Midostaurin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Rydapt (midostaurin) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371del in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Quizartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Quizartinib (AC220) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Midostaurin + PRT062607 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive PRT062607 + Quizartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Quizartinib (AC220) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive PRT062607 + Quizartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Quizartinib (AC220) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Crenolanib + PRT062607 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Crenolanib resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371del FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371del in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Entospletinib + Midostaurin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Entospletinib to treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371del FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Quizartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Quizartinib (AC220) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371del in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Sorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Nexavar (sorafenib) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Gilteritinib + PRT062607 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Xospata (gilteritinib) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Y371H FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Crenolanib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Crenolanib inhibited proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Y371H in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762
CBL Q365_E366insSK FLT3 pos hematologic cancer sensitive Midostaurin + PRT062607 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of PRT062607 to treatment with Rydapt (midostaurin) resulted in enhanced inhibition of proliferation of cells expressing wild-type FLT3 and CBL Q365_E366insSK in culture (PMID: 31943762). 31943762