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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31151327)
Authors Kim GH, Choi SY, Oh TI, Kan SY, Kang H, Lee S, Oh T, Ko HM, Lim JH
Title IDH1R132H Causes Resistance to HDAC Inhibitors by Increasing NANOG in Glioblastoma Cells.
Journal International journal of molecular sciences
Vol 20
Issue 11
Date 2019 May 31
URL
Abstract Text The R132H mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1R132H) is commonly observed and associated with better survival in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a malignant brain tumor. However, the functional role of IDH1R132H as a molecular target for GBM treatment is not completely understood. In this study, we found that the overexpression of IDH1R132H suppresses cell growth, cell cycle progression and motility in U87MG glioblastoma cells. Based on cell viability and apoptosis assays, we found that IDH1R132H-overexpressing U87MG and U373MG cells are resistant to the anti-cancer effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), such as trichostatin A (TSA), vorinostat (SAHA), and valproic acid. Octyl-(R)-2-hydroxyglutarate (Octyl-2HG), which is a membrane-permeable precursor form of the oncometabolite (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate (R-2HG) produced in IDH1-mutant tumor cells, significantly increased HDACi resistance in glioblastoma cells. Mechanistically, IDH1R132H and Octyl-2HG enhanced the promoter activation of NANOG via increased H3K4-3Me, consequently increasing NANOG mRNA and protein expression. Indeed, HDACi resistance was attenuated in IDH1R132H-expressing glioblastoma cells by the suppression of NANOG using small interfering RNAs. Furthermore, we found that AGI-5198, a selective inhibitor of IDH1R132H, significantly attenuates HDACi resistance and NANOG expression IDH1R132H-expressing glioblastoma cells. These results suggested that IDH1R132H is a potential molecular target for HDACi-based therapy for GBM.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
IDH1 R132H glioblastoma multiforme resistant Vorinostat Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, glioblastoma cells expressing IDH1 R132H were resistant to treatment with Zolinza (vorinostat) in culture, demonstrating increased cell viability (PMID: 31151327). 31151327
IDH1 R132H glioblastoma multiforme predicted - sensitive AGI-5198 + Vorinostat Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of AGI-5198 treatment in glioblastoma cells expressing IDH1 R132H led to decreased resistance to Zolinza (vorinostat) treatment in culture, resulting in reduced cell viability (PMID: 31151327). 31151327
IDH1 R132H glioblastoma multiforme predicted - sensitive AGI-5198 + Trichostatin A Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of AGI-5198 treatment in glioblastoma cells expressing IDH1 R132H led to decreased resistance to Trichostatin (TSA) treatment in culture, resulting in reduced cell viability (PMID: 31151327). 31151327
IDH1 R132H glioblastoma multiforme resistant Valproic acid Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, glioblastoma cells expressing IDH1 R132H were resistant to treatment with Valproic Acid in culture, demonstrating increased cell viability (PMID: 31151327). 31151327
IDH1 R132H glioblastoma multiforme resistant Trichostatin A Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, glioblastoma cells expressing IDH1 R132H were resistant to treatment with Trichostatin (TSA) in culture, demonstrating decreased apoptotic activity and increased cell viability (PMID: 31151327). 31151327