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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Guisier F, Dubos-Arvis C, Viñas F, Doubre H, Ricordel C, Ropert S, Janicot H, Bernardi M, Fournel P, Lamy R, Pérol M, Dauba J, Gonzales G, Falchero L, Decroisette C, Assouline P, Chouaid C, Bylicki O|
|Title||Efficacy and Safety of Anti-PD-1 Immunotherapy in Patients With Advanced NSCLC With BRAF, HER2, or MET Mutations or RET Translocation: GFPC 01-2018.|
|Journal||Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer|
|Abstract Text||Immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) efficacy in patients with NSCLC harboring molecular alterations remains poorly elucidated. This study was undertaken to determine ICI efficacy against BRAF-, HER2-, MET-, and RET-NSCLC in a real-world setting.In this retrospective, multicenter study in ICI-treated BRAF-, HER2-, MET- or RET-NSCLCs, we analyzed clinical characteristics and outcomes: ICI-treatment duration, progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate, duration of response, and overall survival (OS).There were 107 patients with NSCLC (mean age, 65.5 y) included from 21 centers: 37% were never-smokers, 54% were men, and 93% had adenocarcinoma. Among them, 44 had BRAF mutation (V600: 26), 23 had HER2 mutation, 30 had MET mutation, and nine had RET translocation. Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) status was known for 70 patients and was greater than or equal to 1% in 34 patients. Before ICI, patients had received a median of one treatment line. Median duration of response, PFS, and OS were 15.4 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.6-not reached [NR]) months, 4.7 (95% CI: 2.3-7.4) months, and 16.2 (95% CI: 12.0-24.0) months, respectively, for the entire cohort. The response rates for BRAF-V600, BRAF-non-V600, HER2, MET, and RET-altered NSCLC were 26%, 35%, 27%, 36%, and 38%, respectively. For patients who were PD-L1 negative and those who were PD-L1 positive, PFS was 3.0 (95% CI: 1.2-NR) and 4.3 (95% CI: 2.1-8.5) months, respectively, and OS was 11.7 (95% CI: 4.1-NR) and 35.8 (95% CI: 9.0-35.2) months, respectively. Toxicities were reported in 28 patients (26%), including 11 patients (10%) with a grade greater than or equal to three.In this real-world setting, ICI efficacy against patients with BRAF-, HER2-, MET-, or RET-NSCLC seemed close to that observed in unselected patients with NSCLC. Large prospective studies on these subsets of patients are needed.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||lung non-small cell carcinoma||not applicable||unspecified PD-1 antibody||Clinical Study||Actionable||In a retrospective analysis, treatment with an unspecified PD-1 or PD-L1 therapy in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring a mutation in BRAF, ERBB2 (HER2), or MET, or a RET translocation led to a response rate of 29% (31/107), a 15.4 mo duration of response, a 4.7 mo median progression-free survival, and a 16.2 mo median overall survival, and resulted in clinical efficacy similar to what has been observed in studies with unselected non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 31945494).||31945494|
|Unknown unknown||lung non-small cell carcinoma||not applicable||unspecified PD-L1 antibody||Clinical Study||Actionable||In a retrospective analysis, treatment with an unspecified PD-1 or PD-L1 therapy in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring a mutation in BRAF, ERBB2 (HER2), or MET, or a RET translocation led to a response rate of 29% (31/107), a 15.4 mo duration of response, a 4.7 mo median progression-free survival, and a 16.2 mo median overall survival, and resulted in clinical efficacy similar to what has been observed in studies with unselected non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 31945494).||31945494|