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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (32208297)
Authors Zhou Y, Jiang W, Zeng L, Mi J, Song L, Lizaso A, Mao X, Yang N, Zhang Y
Title A novel ROS1 G2032 K missense mutation mediates lorlatinib resistance in a patient with ROS1-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma but responds to nab-paclitaxel plus pembrolizumab.
Journal Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Vol 143
Date 2020 Mar 19
Abstract Text ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has demonstrated promising response to lorlatinib; however, no targeted therapy is available after failure of lorlatinib and information on acquired resistance mechanisms mediating lorlatinib resistance among ROS1-rearranged NSCLC patients is limited. We report a ROS1-rearranged NSCLC patient who responded to immunochemotherapy after acquisition of ROS1 G2032K-mediated lorlatinib resistance.Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on supraclavicular lymph nodes (SLN) and blood samples obtained from the 53-year old male patient with advanced CD74-ROS1-rearranged NSCLC. In vitro experiments with patient-derived SLN tumor cells and in silico homology modeling were performed to investigate mechanisms of G2032K-mediated inhibitor resistance.NGS analysis revealed the detection of an acquired ROS1 G2032 K after failure from lorlatinib. Homology modeling revealed the conformational change in the inhibitor binding site induced by the ROS1 G2032 K that disrupted lorlatinib binding. In vitro experiments using patient-derived cells bearing concurrent CD74-ROS1-rearrangement and ROS1 G2032 K demonstrated half-maximal inhibitory concentration IC50 of 730.2 nM for lorlatinib, 812.1 nM for entrectinib, and 1546 nM for crizotinib, indicating resistance to these inhibitors. With PD-L1 expression of TPS 30 %, nab-paclitaxel plus pembrolizumab was administered as fifth-line treatment and achieved partial response, with sustained response ongoing for 7 months as of January 31, 2020.ROS1 G2032 K is a novel mutation that mediates resistance to lorlatinib. With the lack of targeted therapeutic options after lorlatinib resistance, checkpoint inhibitor plus chemotherapy may be considered as a treatment option in patients with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
ROS1 G2032K missense unknown ROS1 G2032K lies within the protein kinase domain of the Ros1 protein ( G2032K has been associated with secondary drug resistance (PMID: 32208297), but has not been biochemically characterized and therefore, its effect on Ros1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Nov 2022). Y
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
CD274 positive lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Nab-paclitaxel + Pembrolizumab Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient with CD274 (PD-L1) expression of 30% and harboring CD74-ROS1 and ROS1 G2032K demonstrated a partial response after being treated with the combination therapy of Keytruda (pembrolizumab) and Abraxane (nab-paclitaxel) for two cycles (PMID: 32208297). 32208297