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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Propper DJ, McDonald AC, Man A, Thavasu P, Balkwill F, Braybrooke JP, Caponigro F, Graf P, Dutreix C, Blackie R, Kaye SB, Ganesan TS, Talbot DC, Harris AL, Twelves C|
|Title||Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of PKC412, an inhibitor of protein kinase C.|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||2001 Mar 01|
|Abstract Text||N-Benzoyl staurosporine (PKC412) is a protein kinase C inhibitor with antitumor activity in laboratory models. We determined the toxicity of oral PKC412 administered daily for repeat cycles of 28 days.Thirty-two patients with advanced solid cancers were treated at seven dose levels (12.5 to 300 mg daily) for a total of 68 cycles.The most frequent treatment-related toxicities were nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and diarrhea. At the two top dose levels (225 and 300 mg/d), 15 of 16 patients experienced nausea/vomiting (common toxicity criteria [CTC], version 1), grade 2 in nine of 16 and grade 3 in three of 16 patients; and six of 16 patients developed CTC grade 2 diarrhea. After 1 month of treatment, there were significant reductions in circulating lymphocyte (P <.02) and monocyte (P <.01) counts in patients receiving doses > or = 100 mg/d. Nevertheless, only two patients developed myelosuppression (both grade 2). Of two patients with progressive cholangiocarcinoma, one attained stable disease lasting 4.5 months and one a partial response lasting 4 months. There was a linear relationship between PKC412 dose and area under the curve (0-24 hours) and maximum plasma concentration with marked interpatient variability. The estimated median elimination half-life was 1.6 days (range, 0.9 to 4.0 days), and a metabolite with a median half-life of 36 days was detected. Steady-state PKC412 plasma levels at the top three dose cohorts (150 to 300 mg) were five to 10 times the cellular 50% inhibitory concentration for PKC412 of 0.2 to 0.7 micromol/L.PKC412 can be safely administered by chronic oral therapy, and 150 mg/d is suitable for phase II studies. The pharmacokinetics and lack of conventional toxicity indicate that pharmacodynamic measures may be additionally needed to optimize the drug dose and schedule.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||Midostaurin||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, Rydapt (midostaurin) demonstrated safety in patients with advanced solid tumors (PMID: 11230495).||11230495|