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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31217479)
Authors Lin CC, Arkenau HT, Lu S, Sachdev J, de Castro Carpeño J, Mita M, Dziadziuszko R, Su WC, Bobilev D, Hughes L, Chan J, Zhang ZY, Weiss GJ
Title A phase 1, open-label, dose-escalation trial of oral TSR-011 in patients with advanced solid tumours and lymphomas.
Journal British journal of cancer
Vol 121
Issue 2
Date 2019 07
URL
Abstract Text Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements are oncogenic drivers in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). TSR-011 is a dual ALK and tropomyosin-related kinase (TRK) inhibitor, active against ALK inhibitor resistant tumours in preclinical studies. Here, we report the safety, tolerability and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of TSR-011 in patients with relapsed or refractory ALK- and TRK-positive advanced cancers.In this sequential, open-label, phase 1 trial (NCT02048488), patients received doses of 30 mg, escalated to 480 mg every 24 hours (Q24h), followed by an expansion cohort of patients with ALK-positive cancers. The primary objective was to evaluate safety and tolerability. Secondary objectives included pharmacokinetics.TSR-011 320- and 480-mg Q24h doses exceeded the maximum tolerated dose. At the RP2D of 40 mg every 8 hours (Q8h), the most common grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 3.2-6.5% of patients. Of 14 ALK inhibitor-naive patients with ALK-positive NSCLC, 6 experienced partial responses and 8 had stable disease.At the RP2D (40 mg Q8h), TSR-011 demonstrated a favourable safety profile with acceptable QTc changes. Limited clinical activity was observed. Based on the competitive ALK inhibitor landscape and benefit/risk considerations, further TSR-011 development was discontinued.NCT02048488.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Belizatinib TSR-011 ALK Inhibitor 23 Trk Receptor Inhibitor (Pan) 23 Belizatinib (TSR-011) binds to ALK and TRK kinases and inhibits downstream signaling, which may result in decreased proliferation of ALK/TRK expressing tumor cells (PMID: 26753004, PMID: 31217479).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma no benefit Belizatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK R1275Q did not respond to treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK amp lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479