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|Authors||Michael B. Atkins, Opeyemi Jegede, Naomi B. Haas, David F. McDermott, Mehmet Asim Bilen, Charles G. Drake, Jeffrey Alan Sosman, Robert S. Alter, Elizabeth R. Plimack, Brian I. Rini, Michael E. Hurwitz, David J. Peace, Sabina Signoretti, Catherine J. Wu, Paul J. Catalano, Hans J. Hammers|
|Title||Phase II study of nivolumab and salvage nivolumab + ipilimumab in treatment-naïve patients (pts) with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (HCRN GU16-260).|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Abstract Text||Background: Nivolumab (nivo) is FDA approved for pts with VEGFR TKI-resistant RCC and the nivo + ipilimumab (nivo/ipi) combination is FDA approved for treatment naïve pts with IMDC intermediate and poor risk RCC. Little information is available on the efficacy and toxicity of nivo monotherapy in treatment naïve RCC or the efficacy of nivo/ipi salvage therapy in pts with tumors resistant to initial nivo monotherapy. Methods: Eligible pts with treatment naïve RCC received nivo 240mg IV q2 wk x 6 doses followed by 360mg IV q3 wk x 4 doses followed by 480 mg q4 wk until progressive disease (PD), toxicity, or completion of 96 wks of treatment (Part A). Pts with PD prior to or stable disease (SD) at 48 wks (pSD) were potentially eligible to receive salvage nivo (3mg/kg) /ipi (1 mg/kg) q3 wk x 4 doses followed by q4 wk nivo maintenance for up to 48 wks (Part B). All pts were required to submit tissue from a metastatic lesion obtained within 12 months (mo) prior to study entry and prior to Part B. Pathology specimens will be analyzed by immunohistochemistry, quantitative immunofluorescence, WES and RNAseq with results linked to clinical outcome. Results: 123 pts with clear cell(cc) RCC were enrolled between 5/2017 and 12/2019 at 12 participating HCRN sites. Median age 65 (range 32-86 years); 72% male. IMDC favorable 30 (25%), intermediate 79 (65%) and poor risk 12 (10%). 22 (18%) had a component of sarcomatoid histology (SARC). 117 pts are currently evaluable for response. RECIST defined ORR was: 34 (29.3%)[CR 5 (4.3%), PR 29 (24.8%)], SD 47 (40.2%), PD 36 (30.7%). ORR by irRECIST was 35%. ORR by IMDC was: favorable 12/29 (41.4%), intermediate/poor 22/87 (25.3%) and for SARC 6/22 (27.3%). Median DOR is 13.8 (10.9, NA) mo. Median PFS is 7.4 (5.5, 10.9) mo. 110 pts remain alive. 60 pts (54 PD, 6 pSD) to date were potentially eligible for salvage nivo/ipi (Part B), but 28 did not enroll due to symptomatic PD (17), grade 3-4 toxicity on nivo (8), other (3). 27 of 32 Part B pts are currently evaluable for efficacy and 30 for toxicity. Best response to nivo/ipi was PR (11%), SD (30%), PD (59%). ORR by irRECIST was 19%. Grade 3-5 Treatment-related AEs (TrAE) were seen in 35/123 (28)% on nivo with 1 death due to respiratory failure. Grade 3-4 TrAE were seen in 10/30 (33%) on nivo/ipi with 0 deaths. Correlative studies are pending. Conclusions: Nivo monotherapy is active in treatment naïve ccRCC across all IMDC groups. Toxicity is consistent with prior nivo studies. Salvage treatment with nivo/ipi after nivo monotherapy was feasible in 53% of pts with PD/pSD, with 11% responding. Clinical trial information: NCT03117309.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||clear cell renal cell carcinoma||not applicable||Nivolumab||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial (HCRN GU16-260), Opdivo (nivolumab) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 29.3% (34/117, 5 complete responses, 29 partial responses) and stable disease in 40.2% (47/117) of patients with treatment naive clear cell renal cell carcinoma, with a median duration of response of 13.8 months and a median progression-free survival of 7.4 months (J Clin Oncol 38, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2020) 5006-5006; NCT03117309).||detail...|
|Unknown unknown||clear cell renal cell carcinoma||not applicable||Ipilimumab + Nivolumab||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial (HCRN GU16-260), salvage therapy with combination of Yervoy (ipilimumab) and Opdivo (nivolumab) resulted in a partial response in 11% (3/27) and stable disease in 30% (8/27) of patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma whose disease progressed after Opdivo (nivolumab) monotherapy (J Clin Oncol 38, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2020) 5006-5006; NCT03117309).||detail...|