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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31848189)
Authors Varga A, Soria JC, Hollebecque A, LoRusso P, Bendell J, Huang SA, Wagle MC, Okrah K, Liu L, Murray E, Sanabria-Bohorquez SM, Tagen M, Dokainish H, Mueller L, Burris H
Title A First-in-Human Phase I Study to Evaluate the ERK1/2 Inhibitor GDC-0994 in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 26
Issue 6
Date 2020 Mar 15
Abstract Text ERK1/2 signaling can be dysregulated in cancer. GDC-0994 is an oral inhibitor of ERK1/2. A first-in-human, phase I dose escalation study of GDC-0994 was conducted in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.GDC-0994 was administered once daily on a 21-day on/7-day off schedule to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary signs of efficacy. Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer were enrolled in the expansion stage.Forty-seven patients were enrolled in six successive cohorts (50-800 mg). A single DLT of grade 3 rash occurred at 600 mg. The most common drug-related adverse events (AE) were diarrhea, rash, nausea, fatigue, and vomiting. Pharmacokinetic data showed dose-proportional increases in exposure, with a mean half-life of 23 hours, supportive of once daily dosing. In evaluable paired biopsies, MAPK pathway inhibition ranged from 19% to 51%. Partial metabolic responses by FDG-PET were observed in 11 of 20 patients across dose levels in multiple tumor types. Overall, 15 of 45 (33%) patients had a best overall response of stable disease and 2 patients with BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer had a confirmed partial response.GDC-0994 had an acceptable safety profile and pharmacodynamic effects were observed by FDG-PET and in serial tumor biopsies. Single-agent activity was observed in 2 patients with BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Ravoxertinib Ravoxertinib 7 2
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Ravoxertinib GDC-0994 ERK Inhibitor (pan) 18 Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) is a small molecule inhibitor of ERK1 and ERK2, which may decrease tumor growth (Cancer Res October 1, 2014 74:DDT02-03, PMID: 32311798, PMID: 31848189).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Ravoxertinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, two colorectal cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E achieved partial responses lasting 21 and 73 weeks following treatment with Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) (PMID: 31848189; NCT01875705). 31848189