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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Varga A, Soria JC, Hollebecque A, LoRusso P, Bendell J, Huang SA, Wagle MC, Okrah K, Liu L, Murray E, Sanabria-Bohorquez SM, Tagen M, Dokainish H, Mueller L, Burris H|
|Title||A First-in-Human Phase I Study to Evaluate the ERK1/2 Inhibitor GDC-0994 in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2020 Mar 15|
|Abstract Text||ERK1/2 signaling can be dysregulated in cancer. GDC-0994 is an oral inhibitor of ERK1/2. A first-in-human, phase I dose escalation study of GDC-0994 was conducted in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.GDC-0994 was administered once daily on a 21-day on/7-day off schedule to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary signs of efficacy. Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer were enrolled in the expansion stage.Forty-seven patients were enrolled in six successive cohorts (50-800 mg). A single DLT of grade 3 rash occurred at 600 mg. The most common drug-related adverse events (AE) were diarrhea, rash, nausea, fatigue, and vomiting. Pharmacokinetic data showed dose-proportional increases in exposure, with a mean half-life of 23 hours, supportive of once daily dosing. In evaluable paired biopsies, MAPK pathway inhibition ranged from 19% to 51%. Partial metabolic responses by FDG-PET were observed in 11 of 20 patients across dose levels in multiple tumor types. Overall, 15 of 45 (33%) patients had a best overall response of stable disease and 2 patients with BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer had a confirmed partial response.GDC-0994 had an acceptable safety profile and pharmacodynamic effects were observed by FDG-PET and in serial tumor biopsies. Single-agent activity was observed in 2 patients with BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Ravoxertinib||GDC-0994||ERK Inhibitor (pan) 18||Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) is a small molecule inhibitor of ERK1 and ERK2, which may decrease tumor growth (Cancer Res October 1, 2014 74:DDT02-03, PMID: 32311798, PMID: 31848189).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|BRAF V600E||colorectal cancer||predicted - sensitive||Ravoxertinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, two colorectal cancer patients harboring BRAF V600E achieved partial responses lasting 21 and 73 weeks following treatment with Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) (PMID: 31848189; NCT01875705).||31848189|