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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (33495309)
Authors Hong DS, Moore KN, Bendell JC, Karp DD, Wang JS, Ulahannan SV, Jones S, Wu W, Donoho GP, Ding Y, Capen A, Wang X, Bence Lin A, Patel MR
Title Preclinical Evaluation and Phase Ib Study of Prexasertib, a CHK1 Inhibitor, and Samotolisib (LY3023414), a Dual PI3K/mTOR Inhibitor.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 27
Issue 7
Date 2021 Apr 01
URL
Abstract Text Prexasertib, a checkpoint kinase 1 inhibitor (CHK1), exhibited modest monotherapy antitumor activity in previous studies. Preclinical data were generated to support the clinical combination of prexasertib + samotolisib, a PI3K/mTOR inhibitor.Prexasertib + samotolisib was first evaluated in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, MDA-MB-231 orthotopic xenograft tumors, and TNBC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mouse models. In the phase Ib trial, following dose escalation, the initial expansion arm (E1, solid tumors) explored prexasertib 105 mg/m2 intravenously every 14 days + samotolisib 200 mg orally twice daily. Subsequent expansion arms evaluated samotolisib 150 mg twice daily in patients carrying PIK3CA mutations (E2, solid tumors) or with TNBC (E3). Safety and antitumor activity were assessed.Prexasertib + samotolisib inhibited cell proliferation in TNBC lines and primary tumor growth in the MDA-MB-231 model. Prexasertib + samotolisib exhibited synergistic or additive effects in 30 of 38 PDX single-mouse ("n = 1") models, and provided rationale for clinical evaluation. In the phase Ib study, 53 patients were enrolled (escalation, n = 13; E1, n = 9; E2, n = 15; and E3, n = 16). No dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) were observed during escalation; however, DLT-equivalent toxicities were observed in E1, leading to samotolisib dose reduction (150 mg twice daily) in E2/E3. Common treatment-related adverse events were leukopenia/neutropenia (94.3%), thrombocytopenia (62.3%), and nausea (52.8%). During escalation, 2 patients achieved partial response for an overall response rate (ORR) of 15.4%, and ORRs were 13.3% for E2 (PIK3CA) and 25% for E3 (TNBC).Prexasertib + samotolisib showed antitumor activity in preclinical models and preliminary efficacy in heavily pretreated patients. The clinical combination was associated with toxicity, suggesting supportive measures may be required. However, these data may inform future trials using other CHK1 and PI3K pathway inhibitors.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA act mut Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive LY3023414 + Prexasertib Phase I Actionable In a Phase Ib trial, the combination therapy of Samotolisib (LY3023414) and Prexasertib (LY2606368) resulted in an overall response rate of 13.3% (2/15; 2 partial responses) in patients with an advanced solid tumor harboring a PIK3CA activating mutation of either H1047R, H1047L, E542K, or E545K (PMID: 33495309; NCT02124148). 33495309