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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (33692336)
Authors Pu X, Ye Q, Cai J, Yang X, Fu Y, Fan X, Wu H, Chen J, Qiu Y, Yue S
Title Typing FGFR2 translocation determines the response to targeted therapy of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas.
Journal Cell death & disease
Vol 12
Issue 3
Date 2021 Mar 11
URL
Abstract Text Chromosomal translocations involving fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene at the breakpoints are common genetic lesions in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and the resultant fusion protein products have emerged as promising druggable targets. However, predicting the sensitivity of FGFR2 fusions to FGFR kinase inhibitors is crucial to the prognosis of the ICC-targeted therapy. Here, we report identification of nine FGFR2 translocations out of 173 (5.2%) ICC tumors. Although clinicopathologically these FGFR2 translocation bearing ICC tumors are indistinguishable from the rest of the cohort, they are invariably of the mass-forming type originated from the small bile duct. We show that the protein products of FGFR2 fusions can be classified into three subtypes based on the breaking positions of the fusion partners: the classical fusions that retain the tyrosine kinase (TK) and the Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domains (n = 6); the sub-classical fusions that retain only the TK domain without the Ig-like domain (n = 1); and the non-classical fusions that lack both the TK and Ig-like domains (n = 2). We demonstrate that cholangiocarcinoma cells engineered to express the classical and sub-classical fusions show sensitivity to FGFR-specific kinase inhibitors as evident by the suppression of MAPK/ERK and AKT/PI3K activities following the inhibitor treatment. Furthermore, the kinase-deficient mutant of the sub-classical fusion also lost its sensitivity to the FGFR-specific inhibitors. Taken together, our study suggests that it is essential to determine the breakpoint and type of FGFR2 fusions in the small bile duct subtype of ICC for the targeted treatment.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
FGFR2 - BICC1 cholangiocarcinoma sensitive AZD4547 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cholangiocarcinoma cell lines expressing FGFR2-BICC1 were sensitive to treatment with AZD4547 in culture, demonstrating decreased cell viability, and suppression of Erk and Mapk phosphorylation (PMID: 33692336). 33692336
FGFR2 - BICC1 cholangiocarcinoma sensitive Infigratinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cholangiocarcinoma cell lines expressing FGFR2-BICC1 were sensitive to treatment with Truseltiq (infigratinib) in culture, demonstrating decreased cell viability, and suppression of Erk and Mapk phosphorylation (PMID: 33692336). 33692336