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|Authors||Ronald Ramos, Seth Andrew Climans, Ashley Adile, Pegah Ghiassi, Stephanie Baker, Madeline J. Phillips, Gelareh Zadeh, Eric Xueyu Chen, Warren P. Mason|
|Title||Combination olaparib and durvalumab for patients with recurrent IDH-mutated gliomas.|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||May 20, 2021|
|Abstract Text||Background: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations are frequently observed in low grade gliomas and secondary glioblastoma. Mutant IDH enzymes aberrantly convert α-ketoglutarate (αKG) to 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). Accumulation of 2HG inhibits αKG-dependent dioxygenases, many of which are involved in epigenetic regulation. This can lead to cellular dedifferentiation and tumor formation. IDH-mutated cancer cells exhibit defective homologous recombination repair, providing the rationale for investigating poly (adenosine 5’-diphophate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in these tumors. Blockade of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD‐L1) re‐sensitizes PARP inhibitor treated cancer cells to T‐cell killing. We report the preliminary results of the glioma arm of a clinical trial of a PARP inhibitor, olaparib plus PD-L1 inhibitor, durvalumab, for IDH-mutated solid cancer. Methods: This is a single arm phase II basket study (NCT03991832). Patients with IDH-mutated solid tumors are divided into three cohorts; A: glioma; B: cholangiocarcinoma; C: all other solid tumors. Major eligibility criteria include IDH mutation by immunohistochemistry or sequencing, progressive disease with maximum two prior systemic therapies, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG) 0 –1 and adequate organ function. Patients were excluded if they had received prior PARP inhibitors or anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies. Patients were treated with olaparib 300 mg orally twice daily continuously and durvalumab 1500 mg IV every 4 weeks. Each cycle was 4 weeks. Tumor response was evaluated by MRI after every 2 cycles of study treatments using response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST). Results: As of Jan 2021, 9 patients were enrolled in Arm A, 7 men and 2 women. The median age was 42 years. Eight patients had IDH1 mutations and 1 had an IDH2 mutation. There were two patients with 1p/19q codeletion. Two patients had grade 2 tumors, four had grade 3, and three had grade 4 tumors. Median time since tumor diagnosis was 7 years. Objective response was seen in 1 patient with an IDH-mutated glioblastoma who remains on study treatments after 8 cycles. Six patients (67%) had tumor progression after two cycles. Two patients had stable disease as per RECIST but had clinical deterioration and did not continue the combined treatment. Common treatment emergent adverse events were all grade 1: fatigue (8 patients), nausea (6), abdominal pain (3), anemia (3), thrombocytopenia (3), and diarrhea (2). Median progression free survival was 2.5 months (range 1.9–8 months). Updated analysis and correlative studies will be presented at the meeting. Conclusions: Combination treatment with olaparib and durvalumab for patients with IDH-mutated glioma is well tolerated but appears to lack adequate antitumor activity. Clinical trial information: NCT03991832.|
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|IDH1 mutant||high grade glioma||no benefit||Durvalumab + Olaparib||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, combination therapy with Lynparza (olaparib) and Imfinzi (durvalumab) was well tolerated, but lacked antitumor activity in glioma patients with IDH1 (8/9) or IDH2 (1/9) mutations, and led to an objective response in one patient with glioblastoma, stable disease as per RECIST but clinical deterioration in two patients, and progressive disease in 6/9 (67%) patients, with a median progression free survival of 2.5 mo (J Clin Oncol 39, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2021) abstr e14026); NCT03991832).||detail...|