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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Louveau B, Resche-Rigon M, Lesimple T, Da Meda L, Pracht M, Baroudjian B, Delyon J, Amini-Adle M, Dutriaux C, Reger de Moura C, Sadoux A, Jouenne F, Ghrieb Z, Vilquin P, Bouton D, Tibi A, Huguet S, Rezai K, Battistella M, Mourah S, Lebbe C|
|Title||Phase I-II Open-Label Multicenter Study of Palbociclib + Vemurafenib in BRAFV600MUT Metastatic Melanoma Patients: Uncovering CHEK2 as a Major Response Mechanism.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2021 Jul 15|
|Abstract Text||In BRAFV600MUT metastatic melanoma, cyclin D-CDK4/6-INK4-Rb pathway alterations are involved in resistance to MAPK inhibitors, suggesting a clinical benefit of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) inhibitors. In this phase I-II study, we aimed to establish the MTD of palbociclib when added to vemurafenib.Patients with BRAFV600E/KMUT metastatic melanoma harboring CDKN2A loss and RB1 expression were included and stratified into two groups according to previous BRAF inhibitor treatment (no:strata 1; yes:strata 2). Treatment comprised palbociclib once daily for 14 days followed by a 7-day break + continuous dosing of vemurafenib. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and the secondary endpoints included the best response, survival, pharmacokinetics, and tumor molecular profiling.Eighteen patients were enrolled, with 15 in strata 2. Characteristics at inclusion were American Joint Committee on Cancer stage IVM1c (N = 16; 88.9%), high lactate dehydrogenase (N = 9; 50.0%), and median number of previous treatments of 2. One and 5 patients experienced DLT in strata 1 and 2, respectively, defining the MTD at palbociclib 25 mg and vemurafenib 960 mg in strata 2. No significant evidence for drug-drug interactions was highlighted. The median progression-free survival was 2.8 months, and 5 (27.8%) patients showed a clinical response. The baseline differential mRNA expression analysis and in vitro data revealed the role of CHEK2 in the response to palbociclib.Although the combination of palbociclib + fixed-dose vemurafenib did not allow an increased palbociclib dosage above 25 mg, a significant clinical benefit was achieved in pretreated patients with melanoma. An association between the transcriptomic data and clinical response was highlighted.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|BRAF V600E CDKN2A loss CHEK2 dec exp RB1 pos||melanoma||predicted - resistant||Palbociclib + Vemurafenib||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Ibrance (palbociclib) and Zelboraf (vemurafenib) combination therapy in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF V600E, CDKN2A loss, RB1 expression, and decreased expression of CHEK2 via siRNA resulted in increased cell proliferation and p-ERK levels compared to treated cells without decreased expression of CHEK2 in culture (PMID: 33947696).||33947696|
|BRAF V600E/K CDKN2A loss RB1 pos||melanoma||predicted - sensitive||Palbociclib + Vemurafenib||Phase Ib/II||Actionable||In a phase I/II trial, Ibrance (palbociclib) plus Zelboraf (vemurafenib) was safe and resulted in an overall response rate (ORR) of 26.7% (4/15), disease control rate (DCR) of 80% (12/15), and progression-free survival (PFS) of 2.8 mo in metastatic melanoma patients with prior BRAF inhibitor treatment and BRAF V600E/K, CDKN2A loss, and RB1 expression, and an ORR of 27.8% (5/18), DCR of 83.3% (10/18) and 2.8 mo PFS when combined with pts without prior BRAF inhibitor treatment (PMID: 33947696; NCT02202200).||33947696|