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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Korkmaz M, Eryilmaz MK|
|Title||Fifty-five months progression-free survival with crizotinib treatment in coexistence of ALK and ROS1 rearrangements in lung adenocarcinoma: an extremely rare case and review of the literature.|
|Date||2022 01 01|
|Abstract Text||We wanted to present a case with coexistence of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1) rearrangements that has been in remission for a long time with crizotinib. A 62-year-old nonsmoker male patient was diagnosed with Non-small cell lung cancer. Progression developed 9 months after the treatment, and coexistence of ALK and ROS1 positivity were detected in driver mutation analysis performed with fluorescent in situ hybridization. Crizotinib 2 × 250 mg was started in November 2016. The treatment of the patient, who has been in remission for approximately 55 months since then, continues. Until recently, the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) was not common, but the more frequent epidermal growth factor receptor, then ALK, and finally ROS1 mutation were studied in tumor tissues. Sometimes ROS1 was not studied because there was not enough tissue left. We think that this rate will increase a little more with the widespread use of NGS from now on. Showing that ALK and ROS1 are positive together, longer survivals can be obtained by choosing therapies that are responsive to both.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ALK rearrange ROS1 rearrange||lung non-small cell carcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Crizotinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a near complete response and progression-free survival for at least 55 months in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring rearrangements in ALK and ROS1 (PMID: 34459458).||34459458|