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|Authors||Nakagawa Y, Shimizu T, Hiranuma H, Gon Y|
|Title||Successful treatment of refractory brain metastases from ALK-positive lung cancer with lorlatinib.|
|Date||2022 Apr 04|
|Abstract Text||A 44-year-old woman with ALK-positive advanced adenocarcinoma of the lung was treated with crizotinib, and the lung lesions disappeared. The patient was treated with alectinib and chemotherapy, but brain metastases worsened; therefore, we performed an ALK resistance gene mutation test using plasma samples. Since no ALK resistance gene mutations were detected, we speculated that ALK inhibitors failed to achieve therapeutic effects due to poor transport to the central nervous system. Therefore, we switched to lorlatinib, and found a reduction in brain metastases. In ALK-positive advanced lung cancer, plasma-based resistance gene testing may be useful for treatment decisions.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ALK fusion||lung adenocarcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Alectinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in shrinkage of the brain and spinal cord metastases in a patient with ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma, who had been previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 35373538).||35373538|
|ALK fusion||lung adenocarcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Crizotinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in reduction of the lung tumors in a patient with metastatic ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma, however, there was development of new brain metastases (PMID: 35373538).||35373538|
|ALK fusion||lung adenocarcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Lorlatinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in reduction of the brain metastases in a patient with ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma who had been previously treated with Alecensa (alectinib) and Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 35373538).||35373538|