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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (35503762)
Authors Koyama K, Ishikawa H, Abe M, Shiose Y, Ueno S, Qiu Y, Nakamaru K, Murakami M
Title Patritumab deruxtecan (HER3-DXd), a novel HER3 directed antibody drug conjugate, exhibits in vitro activity against breast cancer cells expressing HER3 mutations with and without HER2 overexpression.
Journal PloS one
Vol 17
Issue 5
Date 2022
URL
Abstract Text ErbB3 (HER3), a member of the HER family, is overexpressed in various cancers and plays an important role in cell proliferation and survival. Certain HER3 mutations have also been identified as oncogenic drivers, making them potential therapeutic targets. In the current study, antitumor activity of patritumab deruxtecan (HER3-DXd), a HER3 directed antibody drug conjugate, was evaluated in tumor models with clinically reported HER3 mutations. MDA-MB-231, a HER3-negative human triple-negative breast cancer cell line, was transduced with lentiviral vectors encoding HER3 wild type (HER3WT), one of 11 HER3 mutations, or HER3 empty vector (HER3EV), in the presence/absence of HER2 overexpression. Targeted delivery of HER3-DXd was assessed using cell-surface binding, lysosomal trafficking, and cell-growth inhibition assays. HER3-DXd bound to the surface of HER3WT and mutant cells in a similar, concentration-dependent manner but not to HER3EV. HER3-DXd was translocated to the lysosome, where time- and concentration-dependent signals were observed in the HER3 mutant and HER3WT cells. HER3-DXd inhibited the growth of HER3WT and HER3 mutant cells. HER3-DXd activity was observed in the presence and absence of HER2 overexpression. These data suggest that HER3-DXd may have activity against tumors expressing wild type HER3 or clinically observed HER3 mutations, supporting further clinical evaluation.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References