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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Hoffmann KM, Moser A, Lohse P, Winkler A, Binder B, Sovinz P, Lackner H, Schwinger W, Benesch M, Urban C|
|Title||Successful treatment of progressive cutaneous mastocytosis with imatinib in a 2-year-old boy carrying a somatic KIT mutation.|
|Date||2008 Sep 01|
|Abstract Text||Cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) in children is a usually benign skin disorder caused by mast cell proliferation. Progressive disease leading to systemic involvement and fatal outcomes has been described. C-kit receptor mutations have been identified as causative for CM, some of which potentially respond to imatinib treatment as described for patients with systemic mastocytosis. We report successful therapy of progressive CM with imatinib in a 23-month-old boy. KIT gene analysis revealed not only a somatic deletion of codon 419 in exon 8 (c.1255_1257delGAC) which responds to imatinib therapy, but also a novel germ line p. Ser840Asn substitution encoded by exon 18 in the c-kit kinase domain. Family history suggests this exchange does not affect receptor function or cause disease. Imatinib therapy was well tolerated, stopped symptoms and disease progression, and appeared to shorten the course of the disease. Imatinib could possibly represent a novel therapeutic option in patients with progressive CM.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|KIT D419del||mastocytosis||predicted - sensitive||Imatinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Gleevec (imatinib) treatment resolved symptoms and stopped disease progression after 32 months in a pediatric patient with progressive cutaneous mastocytosis harboring a somatic KIT D419del and a germline S840N mutation (PMID: 18567837).||18567837|