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Ref Type
PMID (36825105)
Authors Munjapara V, Heumann T, Schreck KC, Gross JM, Perez-Heydrich C, Gujar SK, Eberhart CG, Holdhoff M
Title BRAF V600E-Mutant Glioblastoma with Extracranial Metastases Responsive to Combined BRAF and MEK Targeted Inhibition: A Case Report.
Abstract Text Recent advancements in understanding the biology of glioblastomas (GBM) and increasing adoption of genomic sequencing in oncology practice have led to the discovery of several targetable mutations in these cancers. Among them, the BRAF V600E mutation can be found in approximately 3% of GBM. Despite the aggressive nature of GBM, metastatic disease is rarely observed. While there are growing data utilizing BRAF-targeting strategies in patients with GBM, data examining their efficacy in cases of metastatic GBM are lacking. We present the case of a 46-year-old female with GBM, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-wildtype and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter (MGMT) unmethylated, BRAF V600E-mutant, and MYC amplified with extra-central nervous system spread to the spine and lung. Four months after completion of treatment with standard chemoradiation and temozolomide, the patient developed severe back pain, leading to the eventual discovery of her metastatic disease. Based on the presence of the BRAF V600E mutation, the patient was treated with and achieved an intracranial and systemic response to combination BRAF-MEK targeted inhibition for 9 months before evidence of progression.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF V600E IDH-wildtype glioblastoma predicted - sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) combination therapy resulted in a partial response lasting 9 months in a patient with metastatic MGMT unmethylated, IDH-wildtype glioblastoma harboring BRAF V600E along with amplification of MYC and TERT and loss of CDKN2A/B (PMID: 36825105). 36825105