Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (22232731)
Authors Shacham-Shmueli E, Geva R, Figer A, Bulocinic S, Nalbandyan K, Shpigel S, Atsmon J, Brendel E
Title Phase I trial of sorafenib in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin in advanced solid tumors.
Journal Journal of clinical pharmacology
Vol 52
Issue 5
Date 2012 May
URL
Abstract Text This dose escalation, uncontrolled phase I study evaluated the tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of oral sorafenib 100, 200, or 400 mg twice daily (bid, continuous regimen) in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (5-FU/LCV, intravenous infusion or bolus) in patients with advanced, solid tumors. A total of 47 patients (median age 57 years; colon cancer, 55%; pancreatic cancer, 21%; prior systemic therapy, 96%) received treatment; 24 were included in the PK analyses, and 38 were evaluable for tumor response. Treatment-emergent adverse events were observed in 98% of patients (≥grade 3, 55%); the most frequently reported were fatigue (51%), stomatitis/pharyngitis (47%), and hand-foot skin reaction (45%). Concomitant 5-FU/LCV resulted in no clinically relevant changes in the area under the plasma concentration-time curve in the dosing interval (AUC(0-12)) and maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) of sorafenib (100-400 mg bid) at steady state. Although the start of infusion until the last quantifiable plasma concentration (AUC(0-tn)) and C(max) of 5-FU were increased by concomitant sorafenib 100 to 200 mg, no consistent effect was observed with 400 mg sorafenib. Two (5%) patients with colon cancer achieved partial response; 16 (42%) patients (the majority with colon and pancreatic cancer) had stable disease. Sorafenib plus 5-FU/LCV was generally well tolerated with encouraging antitumor activity and no clinically relevant drug-drug interactions in patients with advanced solid tumors.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown colon cancer not applicable Fluorouracil + Sorafenib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Nexavar (sorafenib) in combination with Adrucil (fluorouracil) displayed safety and efficacy in advanced solid tumors, including colon cancer (PMID: 22232731). 22232731
Unknown unknown Advanced Solid Tumor not applicable Fluorouracil + Sorafenib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Nexavar (sorafenib) in combination with Adrucil (fluorouracil) displayed safety and efficacy in advanced solid tumors, including colon cancer (PMID: 22232731). 22232731