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|Authors||Antonio Curti; Alessandro Rambaldi; Chiara Cattaneo; Roberto Cairoli; Matteo Della Porta; Patrizia Chiusolo; Federico Lussana; Marta Ubezio; Valentina Mancini; Isabel Cano; Carmen Besliu; Christian Hove Claussen; Rosalinda Gatto; Patrizia Crivori; Elena Colajori; Alessio Somaschini; Cristina Davite; Antonella Isacchi; Elena Ardini; Lisa Mahnke; Pau Montesinos|
|Title||Abstract CT025: NMS-03592088, a novel, potent FLT3, KIT and CSF1R inhibitor with activity in FLT3 positive acute myeloid leukemia patients with prior FLT3 inhibitor experience|
|Abstract Text||Background: FLT3 mutations occur in approximately 30% of AML patients and are associated with aggressive disease. Despite the approval of midostaurin and gilteritinib, the prognosis for FLT3+ patients with relapsed or refractory disease is poor. NMS-088 is a novel, potent FLT3, KIT and CSF1R inhibitor with superior preclinical activity compared with approved FLT3 inhibitors in different FLT3-driven models. In addition, NMS-088 is active on FLT3 resistance mutation F691L. Dose escalation results from a Phase I/II study to establish safety, dose selection and preliminary clinical activity for NMS-088 in patients with R/R AML and CMML are described. Methods: In the Phase I 3+3 escalations, NMS-088 is administered daily for 21 of 28 days (schedule A) or continuously (schedule B). Patients must have R/R AML or CMML unsuitable for standard therapy. The primary objective is the MTD or MAD as assessed by DLTs. Secondary endpoints include safety, PK and ELN response. Results: as of January 26, 44 R/R AML or CMML patients were treated at doses from 20 to 360 mg/day in A or from 120 to 250 mg/day in B. Median age was 64 yrs, 41 pts had AML and 3 pts had CMML, median number of prior lines was 2 (range 1 to 10). FLT3 mutations were present in 24 out of 41 AML pts (20 FLT3-ITD, 2 FLT3 D835 and 2 FLT3-ITD and D835). The majority of pts with FLT3+ AML had received prior FLT3 inhibitors (86.4%). NMS-088 showed manageable safety with no MTD characterized. One pt had DLT (abnormal posture, decreased activity, dyspnea G3 and eyelid ptosis G1) at 360 mg in A (at day 21) and one pt had DLT (eyelid ptosis G3) at 180 mg in B (at day 29), both suggestive for myasthenic syndrome. Three additional pts experienced possible myasthenic syndrome at doses ≥ 180 mg. Overall the most frequent treatment emergent related adverse events (≥10%) were nausea (any grade 20.5%), vomiting (13.6%), asthenia (11.4%). Discontinuations due to related AEs were as follows: 2 DLT pts per protocol, 2 pts due to nausea (G1; day 161 at 270 mg) and myasthenia gravis (G3; day 39 at 300 mg in a pt with baseline AChR antibodies). There was a dose-dependent trend for response. A total of 5 out of 12 evaluable pts with FLT3+ AML treated at dose ≥ 300 mg achieved a response with 2 CRi, 1 CRi/MLFS and 2 MLFS. Remarkably, all these pts had received prior midostaurin and 2 pts received both midostaurin and gilteritinib. Two pts with response withdrew from treatment to receive HSCT (DoR 1.0+ mos each). For other responding pts DoR was 1.3, 2.8 and 7.9 mos. Conclusions: NMS-088 showed clinical efficacy in pts with FLT3+ R/R AML, including pts who have failed prior FLT3 inhibitors. Together with the manageable safety observed, these results warrant further development of this drug including potential as a novel valuable therapeutic option for pts who have exhausted available treatments. The trial is currently opened for enrollment (NTC03922100).|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|NMS-P088||NMS 03592088|NMS-03592088|NMS03592088|NMS P088|NMSP088||CSF1R Inhibitor 28 FLT3 Inhibitor 64 KIT Inhibitor 56||NMS-P088 inhibits FLT3, KIT, and CSF1R with activity against FLT3 F691L, potentially leading to antitumor activity (Cancer Res (2023) 83 (8_Supplement): CT025).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|FLT3 act mut||acute myeloid leukemia||predicted - sensitive||NMS-P088||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, NMS-P088 demonstrated manageable safety and preliminary efficacy with responses in 5 of 12 patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3 mutations (Cancer Res (2023) 83 (8_Supplement): CT025; NCT03922100).||detail...|