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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Plummer R, Madi A, Jeffels M, Richly H, Nokay B, Rubin S, Ball HA, Weller S, Botbyl J, Gibson DM, Scheulen ME|
|Title||A Phase I study of pazopanib in combination with gemcitabine in patients with advanced solid tumors.|
|Journal||Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology|
|Abstract Text||Pazopanib plus gemcitabine combination therapy was explored in patients with advanced solid tumors.In a modified 3 + 3 enrollment scheme, oral once-daily pazopanib was administered with intravenous gemcitabine (Days 1 and 8, 21-day cycles). Three protocol-specified dose levels were tested: pazopanib 400 mg plus gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2), pazopanib 800 mg plus gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2), and pazopanib 800 mg plus gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m(2). Maximum-tolerated dose was based on dose-limiting toxicities during treatment Cycle 1. In the expansion phase, six additional patients were enrolled at the highest tolerable dose level.Twenty-two patients were enrolled. At the highest dose level tested (pazopanib 800 plus gemcitabine 1,250), patients received >80% of their planned dose and the regimen was deemed safe and tolerable. The most common treatment-related adverse events included fatigue, neutropenia, nausea, and decreased appetite. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were the most common events leading to dose modifications. Pharmacokinetic interaction between pazopanib and gemcitabine was not observed. One objective partial response at the highest dose was observed in a patient with metastatic melanoma. Prolonged disease stabilization (>12 cycles) was reported in three patients (metastatic melanoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and colorectal carcinoma).Combination pazopanib plus gemcitabine therapy is tolerable, with an adverse event profile reflective of that associated with the individual agents. There was no apparent pharmacokinetic interaction with pazopanib plus gemcitabine co-administration, although patient numbers were limited. Further investigation of combined pazopanib plus gemcitabine is warranted.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||Gemcitabine + Pazopanib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I study, Votrient (pazopanib) administered with Gemzar (gemcitabine) was shown to be tolerated in patients with advanced solid tumors, and resulted in one partial response (metastatic melanoma) and prolonged disease stabilization in three patients (metastatic melanoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and colorectal carcinoma) (PMID: 23064954).||23064954|
|Unknown unknown||melanoma||not applicable||Gemcitabine + Pazopanib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I study, Votrient (pazopanib) administered with Gemzar (gemcitabine) was shown to be tolerated with one partial response (metastatic melanoma) and prolonged disease stabilization in three patients (metastatic melanoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and colorectal carcinoma) (PMID: 23064954).||23064954|