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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (37864337)
Authors Westin SN, Moore K, Chon HS, Lee JY, Thomes Pepin J, Sundborg M, Shai A, de la Garza J, Nishio S, Gold MA, Wang K, McIntyre K, Tillmanns TD, Blank SV, Liu JH, McCollum M, Contreras Mejia F, Nishikawa T, Pennington K, Novak Z, De Melo AC, Sehouli J, Klasa-Mazurkiewicz D, Papadimitriou C, Gil-Martin M, Brasiuniene B, Donnelly C, Del Rosario PM, Liu X, Van Nieuwenhuysen E, DUO-E Investigators
Title Durvalumab Plus Carboplatin/Paclitaxel Followed by Maintenance Durvalumab With or Without Olaparib as First-Line Treatment for Advanced Endometrial Cancer: The Phase III DUO-E Trial.
URL
Abstract Text Immunotherapy and chemotherapy combinations have shown activity in endometrial cancer, with greater benefit in mismatch repair (MMR)-deficient (dMMR) than MMR-proficient (pMMR) disease. Adding a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor may improve outcomes, especially in pMMR disease.This phase III, global, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomly assigned eligible patients with newly diagnosed advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer 1:1:1 to: carboplatin/paclitaxel plus durvalumab placebo followed by placebo maintenance (control arm); carboplatin/paclitaxel plus durvalumab followed by maintenance durvalumab plus olaparib placebo (durvalumab arm); or carboplatin/paclitaxel plus durvalumab followed by maintenance durvalumab plus olaparib (durvalumab + olaparib arm). The primary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) in the durvalumab arm versus control and the durvalumab + olaparib arm versus control.Seven hundred eighteen patients were randomly assigned. In the intention-to-treat population, statistically significant PFS benefit was observed in the durvalumab (hazard ratio [HR], 0.71 [95% CI, 0.57 to 0.89]; P = .003) and durvalumab + olaparib arms (HR, 0.55 [95% CI, 0.43 to 0.69]; P < .0001) versus control. Prespecified, exploratory subgroup analyses showed PFS benefit in dMMR (HR [durvalumab v control], 0.42 [95% CI, 0.22 to 0.80]; HR [durvalumab + olaparib v control], 0.41 [95% CI, 0.21 to 0.75]) and pMMR subgroups (HR [durvalumab v control], 0.77 [95% CI, 0.60 to 0.97]; HR [durvalumab + olaparib v control] 0.57; [95% CI, 0.44 to 0.73]); and in PD-L1-positive subgroups (HR [durvalumab v control], 0.63 [95% CI, 0.48 to 0.83]; HR [durvalumab + olaparib v control], 0.42 [95% CI, 0.31 to 0.57]). Interim overall survival results (maturity approximately 28%) were supportive of the primary outcomes (durvalumab v control: HR, 0.77 [95% CI, 0.56 to 1.07]; P = .120; durvalumab + olaparib v control: HR, 0.59 [95% CI, 0.42 to 0.83]; P = .003). The safety profiles of the experimental arms were generally consistent with individual agents.Carboplatin/paclitaxel plus durvalumab followed by maintenance durvalumab with or without olaparib demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful PFS benefit in patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MLH1 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Carboplatin + Durvalumab + Paclitaxel FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III trial (DUO-E) that supported FDA approval, Imfinzi (durvalumab) plus carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by Imfinzi (durvalumab) maintenance improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared to platinum therapy + placebo and placebo maintenance (HR 0.71, p<0.003) in patients with advanced endometrial cancer, with significant PFS benefit (not reached vs 7.0 mo, HR 0.42) observed in the dMMR (as determined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 by IHC) group (PMID: 37864337; NCT04269200). detail... 37864337
MSH6 negative endometrial cancer sensitive Carboplatin + Durvalumab + Paclitaxel FDA approved Actionable In a Phase III trial (DUO-E) that supported FDA approval, Imfinzi (durvalumab) plus carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by Imfinzi (durvalumab) maintenance improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared to platinum therapy + placebo and placebo maintenance (HR 0.71, p<0.003) in patients with advanced endometrial cancer, with significant PFS benefit (not reached vs 7.0 mo, HR 0.42) observed in the dMMR (as determined by the loss of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 by IHC) group (PMID: 37864337; NCT04269200). detail... 37864337