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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (22761467)
Authors Martinez-Garcia M, Banerji U, Albanell J, Bahleda R, Dolly S, Kraeber-Bodéré F, Rojo F, Routier E, Guarin E, Xu ZX, Rueger R, Tessier JJ, Shochat E, Blotner S, Naegelen VM, Soria JC
Title First-in-human, phase I dose-escalation study of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of RO5126766, a first-in-class dual MEK/RAF inhibitor in patients with solid tumors.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 18
Issue 17
Date 2012 Sep 01
Abstract Text This phase I study assessed the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical activity of the first-in-class dual MEK/RAF inhibitor, RO5126766.Initial dose-escalation was conducted using once daily dosing over 28 consecutive days in 4-week cycles. Further escalation was completed using 2 intermittent dosing schedules [7 days on treatment followed by 7 days off (7on/7off); 4 days on treatment followed by 3 days off (4on/3off)].Fifty-two patients received RO5126766 at doses of 0.1 to 2.7 mg once daily, 2.7 to 4.0 mg (4 on/3 off), or 2.7 to 5.0 mg (7 on/7 off). The most common DLTs were elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and blurred vision. The MTD for each dosing schedule was 2.25 mg once daily, 4.0 mg (4 on/3 off), and 2.7 mg (7 on/7 off). The dose/schedule recommended for phase II (RP2D) investigation was 2.7 mg (4 on/3 off). Frequent adverse events included rash-related disorders (94.2%), elevated CPK (55.8%), and diarrhea (51.9%). C(max) occurred 1 to 2 hours after dosing and mean terminal half-life was approximately 60 hours. Pharmacodynamic changes included reduced ERK phosphorylation, an increase in apoptosis in tumor tissue, and a reduction in fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake after 15 days of dosing. Three partial responses were seen: two in BRAF-mutant melanoma tumors and one in an NRAS-mutant melanoma.This first-in-human study shows that oral RO5126766 has manageable toxicity, a favorable pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile, and encouraging preliminary antitumor activity in this population of heavily pretreated patients, achieving tumor shrinkage in around 40% of patients across all dose levels and all tumor types.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown Advanced Solid Tumor not applicable RO5126766 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, RO5126766 demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with a variety of solid tumors (PMID: 22761467). 22761467