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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Gravalos C, Jimeno A|
|Title||HER2 in gastric cancer: a new prognostic factor and a novel therapeutic target.|
|Journal||Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical|
|Abstract Text||Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the world and its management, especially in advanced stages, has evolved relatively little. In particular, no targeted modality has so far been incorporated to its treatment armamentarium. HER2 overexpression is increasingly recognized as a frequent molecular abnormality, driven as in breast cancer by gene amplification. There is mounting evidence of the role of HER2 overexpression in patients with gastric cancer, and it has been solidly correlated to poor outcomes and a more aggressive disease. Additionally, preclinical data are showing significant antitumor efficacy of anti-HER2 therapies (particularly monoclonal antibodies directed towards the protein) in in vitro and in vivo models of gastric cancer. As a result, several clinical trials are exploring in different settings and with diverse designs the potential of anti-HER2 therapies in gastric cancer patients. This review summarizes the rationale, preclinical evidence, retrospective clinical analyses, and the interim clinical data pertaining HER2 therapies in gastric cancer.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ERBB2 over exp||stomach cancer||sensitive||CDX-3379||Preclinical||Actionable||In a preclinical study, CDX-3379 (KTN3379) inhibited tumor growth by 43% in N87 gastric cancer xenograft model, which has been demonstrated to have ERBB2 (HER2) amplification and overexpression (AACR; 2015. Abstract nr 1558, PMID: 18441328).||detail... 18441328|
|ERBB2 over exp||stomach cancer||sensitive||TAK-285||Preclinical||Actionable||In a preclinical study, the N87 gastric cancer cell line, which has been demonstrated to have ERBB2 (HER2) amplification and over expression, was sensitive to TAK-285, inhibiting phosphorylation of ERBB2 (HER2) and ERBB3 (HER3) (PMID: 25594012, PMID: 18441328).||18441328 25594012|