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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (21458915)
Authors Barok M, Tanner M, Köninki K, Isola J
Title Trastuzumab-DM1 is highly effective in preclinical models of HER2-positive gastric cancer.
Journal Cancer letters
Vol 306
Issue 2
Date 2011 Jul 28
URL
Abstract Text A novel antibody-drug conjugate (trastuzumab-DM1, T-DM1) is currently in clinical trials for patients with trastuzumab resistant HER2-positive breast cancer. Since no clinical data is available from gastric cancer, we studied T-DM1 on HER2-positive human gastric cancer cells and xenograft tumors.Effects of T-DM1 were studied in four HER2-positive gastric cancer cell lines (N-87, OE-19, SNU-216 and MKN-7) in vitro. Xenograft tumors from N-87 and OE-19 were studied to determine the effect of T-DM1 in vivo.T-DM1 was found more effective than trastuzumab in N-87 and OE-19, and moderately effective in MKN-7 cells. On SNU-216 cells both trastuzumab and T-DM1 showed limited efficacy. In xenograft tumor experiments, complete pathological response was observed in all OE-19 xenografted mice and in half of the N-87 xenografted mice. The results were equally good irrespective of the tumor burden at therapy initiation, or preceding trastuzumab treatment. T-DM1 treatment showed direct effects (apoptotic cell death and aberrant mitosis) as well as it mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC).T-DM1 showed a promising anti-tumor effect in HER2-positive gastric cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo, even in tumors which had developed resistance to trastuzumab. T-DM1 therapy may warrant clinical trials for HER2-positive gastric cancer patients.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ERBB2 amp ERBB2 over exp stomach cancer sensitive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Kadcyla (trastuzumab emtansine) inhibited tumor growth in human cell line xenograft models of gastric cancer with ERBB2 (HER2) amplification and over expression (PMID: 21458915). 21458915
ERBB2 over exp stomach cancer sensitive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Kadcyla (trastuzumab emtansine) inhibited tumor growth in human cell line xenograft models of gastric cancer with ERBB2 (HER2) amplification and over expression (PMID: 21458915). 21458915