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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Vlietstra RJ, van Alewijk DC, Hermans KG, van Steenbrugge GJ, Trapman J|
|Title||Frequent inactivation of PTEN in prostate cancer cell lines and xenografts.|
|Date||1998 Jul 1|
|Abstract Text||Loss of chromosome 10q is a frequently observed genetic defect in prostate cancer. Recently, the PTEN/MMAC1 tumor suppressor gene was identified and mapped to chromosome 10q23.3. We studied PTEN structure and expression in 4 in vitro cell lines and 11 in vivo xenografts derived from six primary and nine metastatic human prostate cancers. DNA samples were allelotyped for eight polymorphic markers within and surrounding the PTEN gene. Additionally, the nine PTEN exons were tested for deletions. In five samples (PC3, PC133, PCEW, PC295, and PC324), homozygous deletions of the PTEN gene or parts of the gene were detected. PC295 contained a small homozygous deletion encompassing PTEN exon 5. In two DNAs (PC82 and PC346), nonsense mutations were found, and in two (LNCaP and PC374), frame-shift mutations were found. Missense mutations were not detected. PTEN mRNA expression was clearly observed in all cell lines and xenografts without large homozygous deletions, showing that PTEN down-regulation is not an important mechanism of PTEN inactivation. The high frequency (60%) of PTEN mutations and deletions indicates a significant role of this tumor suppressor gene in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PTEN del||prostate cancer||sensitive||Pictilisib + Vorinostat||Preclinical||Actionable||In a preclinical study, GDC-0941 and Zolinza (vorinostat) acted synergistically to inhibit growth of a human prostate cancer cell line harboring a PTEN deletion in culture (PMID: 9661880, PMID: 22693356).||22693356 9661880|