Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (23002019)
Authors Reynolds CP, Kang MH, Carol H, Lock R, Gorlick R, Kolb EA, Kurmasheva RT, Keir ST, Maris JM, Billups CA, Houghton PJ, Smith MA
Title Initial testing (stage 1) of the phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase inhibitor, SAR245408 (XL147) by the pediatric preclinical testing program.
Journal Pediatric blood & cancer
Vol 60
Issue 5
Date 2013 May
URL
Abstract Text Activation of the PI3 kinase pathway occurs frequently in many adult cancers and is implicated in tumor cell proliferation, survival, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, less is known regarding the relevance of this pathway in pediatric cancers. Here we have evaluated SAR245408, a novel small molecule PI3K inhibitor, against childhood cancer cell lines and xenografts.SAR245408 was tested against the PPTP in vitro cell line panel at concentrations from 10 to 100 µM and against the PPTP in vivo xenograft panels at a dose of 100 mg/kg administered orally daily × 14.In vitro SAR245408 demonstrated cytotoxic activity, with a median relative IC50 value of 10.9 µM (range 2.7-24.5 µM). SAR245408 was well tolerated in vivo, and all 44 tested xenograft models were evaluable for efficacy. SAR245408 induced significant differences in EFS distribution compared to control in 29 of 37 (79%) of solid tumor xenografts and in two of seven (29%) ALL xenografts. SAR245408 induced tumor growth inhibition meeting criteria for intermediate EFS T/C activity (EFS T/C > 2) in 4 of 37 (11%) solid tumor xenografts. Intermediate EFS T/C activity was also observed for two of seven (29%) evaluable ALL xenografts. Objective responses were not observed for solid tumor or for ALL xenografts.Under the conditions evaluated in this study, SAR245408 achieved modest single-agent activity against most PPTP preclinical models. Further exploration of SAR245408 in combination with standard agents or with other signaling inhibitors could be considered.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown colon adenocarcinoma not applicable XL147 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, XL147 (SAR245408) demonstrated modest efficacy as a single agent in human cancer cell line xenograft models (PMID: 23002019). 23002019