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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (21343560)
Authors Gaidzik VI, Bullinger L, Schlenk RF, Zimmermann AS, Röck J, Paschka P, Corbacioglu A, Krauter J, Schlegelberger B, Ganser A, Späth D, Kündgen A, Schmidt-Wolf IG, Götze K, Nachbaur D, Pfreundschuh M, Horst HA, Döhner H, Döhner K
Title RUNX1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia: results from a comprehensive genetic and clinical analysis from the AML study group.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 29
Issue 10
Date 2011 Apr 01
URL
Abstract Text To evaluate frequency, biologic features, and clinical relevance of RUNX1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Diagnostic samples from 945 patients (age 18 to 60 years) were analyzed for RUNX1 mutations. In a subset of cases (n = 269), microarray gene expression analysis was performed.Fifty-nine RUNX1 mutations were identified in 53 (5.6%) of 945 cases, predominantly in exons 3 (n = 11), 4 (n = 10), and 8 (n = 23). RUNX1 mutations clustered in the intermediate-risk cytogenetic group (46 of 640, 7.2%; cytogenetically normal, 34 of 538, 6.3%), whereas they were less frequent in adverse-risk cytogenetics (five of 109, 4.6%) and absent in core-binding-factor AML (0 of 77) and acute promyelocytic leukemia (0 of 61). RUNX1 mutations were associated with MLL-partial tandem duplications (P = .0007) and IDH1/IDH2 mutations (P = .03), inversely correlated with NPM1 (P < .0001), and in trend with CEBPA (P = .10) mutations. RUNX1 mutations were characterized by a distinct gene expression pattern; this RUNX1 mutation-derived signature was not exclusive for the mutation, but also included mostly adverse-risk AML [eg, 7q-, -7, inv(3), or t(3;3)]. RUNX1 mutations predicted for resistance to chemotherapy (rates of refractory disease 30% and 19%, P = .047, for RUNX1-mutated and wild-type patients, respectively), as well as inferior event-free survival (EFS; P < .0001), relapse-free survival (RFS, P = .022), and overall survival (P = .051). In multivariable analysis, RUNX1 mutations were an independent prognostic marker for shorter EFS (P = .007). Explorative subgroup analysis revealed that allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation had a favorable impact on RFS in RUNX1-mutated patients (P < .0001).AML with RUNX1 mutations are characterized by distinct genetic properties and are associated with resistance to therapy and inferior outcome.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
RUNX1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In clinical analyses, RUNX1 mutations were associated with adverse clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukemia patients (PMID: 21343560, PMID: 22689681, PMID: 22753902, PMID: 25652455). 21343560 25652455 22689681 22753902